The Winterthur Library

 The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera





Creator:          Paul Schulze, 1827/28-1897                

Title:               Architectural drawings

Dates:             1853

Call No.:         Fol. 204

Acc. No.:         73x24

Quantity:        1 v.

Location:        5 I 5






Paul Schulze was an architect in Boston, Massachusetts, and later, New York City and Washington, D.C.  Born in Breslau, Germany, he received his art training in Berlin and Vienna.  He immigrated to Boston in 1849, where he designed buildings for Harvard College.  In 1858, Schulze settled in New York and practiced with Charles Gildemeister (1860), Paul F. Schoen (1866‑1875), and William G. Steinmetz (1875‑1876).  In 1877, Schulze moved to Washington, D.C. and entered into partnership with Adolph Cluss (1878‑1889).  He designed and supervised the construction of several government buildings.  Schulze submitted designs to the major competitions, and he worked in the Rundbogenstil and Second Empire style.  He published a lithographic series of designs for funerary monuments in the 1850s.  Schulze was the founder and president of the Palette Club in the 1870s.  He died in San Francisco, California, in 1897.





Consists of eight pen and ink drawings including plans, elevations, and a perspective rendering for an Italianate villa, all signed Paul Schulze, Archt, Boston, Dec. 1853.  The perspective drawing shows a two and one-half story, towered stone structure in a rural landscape.  The remaining seven pages illustrate the interior and are done to scale. The renderings are very detailed and many of the decorative elements are shown.  







Purchased from The Old Print Shop, New York City.






            Architectural drawing - Detailing.

            Architecture, Domestic - Designs and plans.

            Architecture, Italian - United States.

            Room layout (Dwellings).

            Pen drawing.

            Architectural drawings.







Location: 5 I 5




Page 1.             Perspective rendering of a two and one-half story, towered, stone Italianate villa in a rural landscape.  Pen and ink and sepia wash.


Page 2.             Plan of the first floor, L-shaped plan.  Central portico gives onto a vestibule and entry hall which passes through to a rear vestibule and piazza.  At the left are a library, and a parlor, with an adjacent tower room accessed through pocket doors and surrounded by a veranda with a pergola over the exterior entrance to the tower.  At right is a sitting room with an adjacent piazza accessed through pocket doors; a stair hall; dining room; and passages to china closet, kitchen, storage closets, and washroom.  All principle rooms have fireplaces.  Pen and ink.  Scale.


Page 3.             Plan of second floor. Six bedrooms, three dressing rooms, several closets, a bathroom and water closet, a stair landing with a billiard table, and three balconies comprise the 2nd floor spaces.  Pen and ink.  Scale.


Page 4.             Front elevation (East).  The seven-bay, two and one-half storied structure is delineated by moldings at each floor line, by quoin blocks at the corners of the main block, tower, and advancing three-bay central pavilion, an arcuate cornice, rusticated viceroys above the arch of the round-headed windows, doors, and portico arcade.  The latter is supported by classical columns.  Low hipped roofs cover the tower, entrance pavilion, and house.  Pen and ink.  Scale.


Page 5.             South elevation.  Detailing techniques as in the front elevation for the main block.  The kitchen-washroom extension to the rear is detailed only with plain molding and flat over window viceroys.  Pen and ink.  Scale.


Page 6.             North elevation.  Detailing conventions the same as in the south elevation.  Pen and ink.  Scale.


Page 7.            Longitudinal section through main block showing:  sculpture in vestibule niche, woodwork detailing, decorative wall treatment, stair balustrade, and billiard table.  Pen and ink.  Scale.


Page 8.            Cross section through main blocks showing:  woodwork detailing, decorative wall treatment, stair balustrade, billiard table, fireplace surrounds, pictures, and sculptures.  Pen and ink. Scale.