The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, DE 19735
302-888-4600 or 800-448-3883
OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION
Creator: Stackhouse, Amos (1857-1825)
Title: Stackhouse family papers and ledger book
Dates: 1799-1867, bulk dates 1799-1802, 1831-1845
Call No.: Fol. 385
Acc. No.: 07x40
Quantity: 14 items
Location: 6 B 2
Amos Stackhouse was a storekeeper in
Powell Stackhouse, son of Amos and Mary Powell
Stackhouse, was born in 1785 in
SCOPE AND CONTENT
Ledger book of Amos and Powell Stackhouse, plus some
loose items laid into the book. Amos
used the book between 1799 and 1802 to record lists of debts. He had a china shop in
Afterwards, the volume was used for a variety of
purposes by Amos’ son Powell Stackhouse, a pattern maker and stove
manufacturer, also in
The accounts are mostly in chronological order.
LANGUAGE OF MATERIALS
The materials are in English.
RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS
Collection is open to the public. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Purchased from Ian Brabner.
Business records –
Stove industry and trade –
Stackhouse, Powell, 1785-1863.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION
Location: 6 B 2
.1 Ledger book, used first by Amos Stackhouse and then by his son Powell Stackhouse. It contains several sections.
Pages 1-161 were used by
Amos Stackhouse for his accounts, 1799-1802.
The entries are under the names of the customers. Although most of the goods sold are listed
simply as merchandise or sundries, he does occasionally list specific items. Among the items he names are scissors, combs,
shovels, a snuff box, andirons, japanned snuffers, spectacles, various hardware
items (nails, screws, hinges, etc.), sadirons, a fowling piece, women’s
stirrups, a turner’s chisel, spitting pans, a smoothing plane, watch chains,
kegs of Spanish brown, sweeping brushes, etc.
(According to city directories, Amos was a dealer in china, but
obviously, he sold a number of other kinds of goods as well.) Most accounts were settled with cash. Also included in this section are accounts
for farms in West Chester,
The next section of the account
book is Powell Stackhouse’s account of his stocks, 1820-1845 (bulk dates:
1831-1845); these pages are numbered 2-72, but the first two pages are not
numbered. This is a list of names and
amounts of money, presumably money owed to Stackhouse, as well as a list of
goods, such as shovels, nails, different kinds of stoves (
The third section contains
18 pages of genealogical information, chiefly about the Stackhouses, but including
as well the following related families: Powell,
After many blank pages is found an essay entitled “The Character of Mephibosheth” (who was the son of the Biblical Jonathan, David’s friend), plus some quotations from various authors on various subjects. Intermixed with the quotations are copies of some business letters written by Powell Stackhouse, 1844-1847. (See below for more information about these business letters.) At the end of the volume are copies of orders for stoves and related products, 1831-1841, again testifying to Powell’s entry into the stove manufacturing business before he was listed as such in city directories.
The business letters are as follows:
1844, to M. Gowan, Cathcart
& Co., Juniata Furnace, Perry Co.,
1845, two letters to F.H.
Henry & Co.,
1845, to William Darling, regarding placing an advertisement to notify the public to present their claims against his sons’ firm C.D. & J.D. Stackhouse;
1845, to Mark Bend(?),
1845, another letter to the
same person in
1844, two notes, one to William Darling and the other to Jonathan Lukens, both concerning sale of property owned by C.D. & J.D. Stackhouse;
1844, two additional letters to William Darling, both concerning sale of property owned by C.D. & J.D. Stackhouse;
1834, to D. W. Hulings, concerning delays in an order because of problems with the gig staves;
1834, to Favereau, about patterns, which were made from mahogany and ash wood; if they are not acceptable, please return immediately; no one expects to make a complicated pattern right the first time, nor should it be expected that the pattern maker will travel to the furnace to make the needed alterations;
1833, copies of receipts from David Bacon, J. Kean, and Jos. Knight for draft on W. Richards
1833, to Mr. Synder, about Synder making some coal stoves to Stackhouse’s pattern
Loose items removed from ledger book:
.2a-b draft of editorial by Powell Stackhouse, headed “To the Pennsylvania Farmer,” intended for publication in that periodical, about the amalgamation of races, on pages 1-4; two unnumbered pages contain anti-slavery rhetoric, but appear not to be related to editorial on the amalgamation of the races
.3 several drafts or copies of letters written by Powell Stackhouse to various people.
First page: letter sent to
Dr. Stackhouse: uses medical terms to talk about upswing in business; mentions
possible annexation of
Second and third pages: to cousin Martha, 7th month 1845: sends family news and genealogy;
Last page: to revered(?)
friend(?), Mark(?) Bend(?), Esq.(?),
.4 “Some Arguments intended to remove the scruples of those persons who on Scriptural ground are opposed to repealing our Laws inflicting the punishment of death in Cases of
Murder.” A writing by Powell Stackhouse.
.5 draft of letter, Powell Stackhouse to “Esteemed Kinsman,” [Dr. H. W. Stackhouse, Mississippi], Philadelphia, 5th month, 1843; family news; business is depressed; had gotten out of the stove business for awhile but is back in it now
.6 draft of letter, Powell Stackhouse to Cousin Martha, Philadelphia, 1846; family news, genealogy; mentions the division of the Quakers into Orthodox and Hicksite branches – some family members are one and some the other; doesn’t believe he will ever get a chance to visit the South
.7 draft of letter, Powell Stackhouse to “Esteemed Kinsman,” Philadelphia, 11th month, 1848, sends prices of carriages; some family news; business dull, perhaps due to concentration on election; asks how Southerners feel about state of things in Europe;
Inside pages: lists of “debts owing” and “debts due me,” inventory of stoves and other goods;
On back: drawing of staircase
.8 letter, father Powell Stackhouse, Philadelphia, 7th month, 24, 1849, to Joseph and Sarah [Stackhouse], is writing because is worried about the spread of cholera along the lines of the canal; Amos married Anna Williamson and has a store with Charles Dilworth; warns against spending more than one has;
Reverse side: appears to be a draft of another letter: Powell [not the letter writer but his son] and William Canby are in the conveyancing business together; further warns against spending more than one has
.9 letter, P. Stackhouse,
Reverse side: draft stating Stackhouse’s
views about building a new court house in
.10 bill, from C. B. Matthews to Powell Stackhouse, for unknown goods, paid with old iron, 1845-1848
.11 list of names of witnesses to the
marriage of Thomas Makin and Sarah Lee Rich,
.12 letter to “Dear Sister,” no date but after autumn 1867, about the origin of the financial problems between the letter writer and their father
.13 religious lines written by Sarah, wife of William Sharpless, during a visit with Sarah Ellison, n.d.
.14 lists of debts, 1841, 1845, includes names of Charles D., Emlen, Joseph, and Amos Stackhouse (all sons of Powell)