The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, DE 19735
302-888-4600 or 800-448-3883
OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION
Creator: Joseph Breck & Sons.
Dates: 1829-1906, bulk dates 1830-1840.
Acc. No.: 78x223.1-.134
Quantity: 1 box and 1 folder
Location: 9 C 4-5
Joseph Breck & Sons was a seed and
agricultural implements wholesaler and retailer in
SCOPE AND CONTENT
This collection contains papers dating between
1829-1906 that relate to the business of Joseph Breck & Sons, the operation
of an agricultural implements and seed store business, and the publication of
the New England Farmer. Contained in the collection are letters,
orders for such fruit trees as apple, pear, quince, walnut, and almond, as well
as grape vines. Large quantities of
seed, including vegetable seed and 15 tons of clover seed are also
mentioned. Implements noted include shovels,
spades, hoes, chains, transplant trowels, wood saws, scythes, pitchforks, lead
pipe, budding knives, and rakes.
According to one order, many of these tools were imported from
The letters are directed to different men, and are so divided: John B. Russell, George C. Barrett, Joseph R. Newell, Joseph Breck, and Charles H. Breck.
LANGUAGE OF MATERIALS
The materials are in English.
RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS
Collection is open to the public. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Purchased from N. D. Scotti.
Seed industry and trade.
Seeds - Catalogs.
Publishing of -
Seeds - Prices.
Business records -
Russell, John B.
Newell, Joseph R.
Barrett, G. H.
Breck, Charles H. B.
Breck, Joseph, 1794-1873.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION
Location: 9 C 4-5
All accession numbers begin with 78x223
1: correspondence of John B. Russell of
.1 Letter, Ebenr. Stedman,
.2 Letter and order, Elisha S. Fisk, Gilsum [New Hampshire], March 3, 1830, to J. B. Russell, with order for varieties of apples and pears
.3 Letter and order, E. Edwards, Springfield, [Massachusetts], March 23, 1830, to John B. Russell, for garden seeds to be sent by the Springfield Stage; includes cauliflower, cucumbers, cabbage, onion, beets, peas, etc.
.4 Order for seeds, P. J. Holland from seed catalog of George Robinson, [Halifax, Nova Scotia], January 22, 1830; includes onions, cabbages, cauliflower, cucumber, peppers, parsley, turnips, corn, clover seed, etc.
for fruit and nut trees (pears, quinces, almonds, walnuts, Spanish chestnuts,
filberts, plums, figs, also a crab apple, grapes, a holly, and a Norway spruce
fir), for Gen. Josiah Newhall,
.6 Letter and order, I. W. Foster,
R. Toohey to Mr. Russell, for tools and seeds for Mrs. Rebecca Gore,
.8 Letter, Henry Van
2: correspondence of George C. Barrett of
.9 Letter, Elisha S. Fisk, Gilsum, Cheshire Co., N.H., March 8, 1833, to George C. Barrett, re: previous order to Mr. Russell. With long list of apples and pears to be sent, notes about the varieties, and full instructions for sending.
.10 Letter, Neal Dow, Portland [Maine], March 29, 1833, to Geo. C. Barrett, Proprietor of N[ew] England Farmer, re: subscription
.12 Letter, S. Jaques, Ten Hills, July 2, 1833, to Geo. C. Barrett and J. R. Newell, order for seed and scythes
D. & C. Landreth,
.14 Letter, Howell Davies, Lynchburg, [Virginia], February 1, 1837.to Charles P. Bosson, agent for the Estate of G. C. Barrett, Dec'd, sending order for seeds "if you contemplate the continuance of my agency"
.15-.16 Meeting notices, directed to Geo. C.
Barrett or to his estate, of as proprietor of the New England Knitting Machine
3: correspondence of Joseph R. Newell in
.17 Trade card, Joseph R. Newell, Balance Manufactory, No. 52, North side Faneuil Hall, Boston, has for sale, a complete assortment of J. W. Sivret's balances, [illustrated with picture of a balance weighing a barrel, n.d.,1830-1838]
.18 Order, Gleason & Houghton, Eastport, [
.19 Order, Little & Hale, Ellsworth, [
.20 Order, Wm. Saville,
.21 Order, Justin Ely, West Springfield, [Massachusetts], February 3, 1832, to Mr. Hartshorn, to get a plow for him at the Agricultural Warehouse
.22 Memorandum, John Dean & Son,
.23 Order, Daniel Leland, Sherborn, [
.25 Public Instrument of Protest, notice that
James Crehore of
.26 Order, E. Smith, Quincy Point, [Massachusetts], July 11, 1833, to C. Willis, Agricultural Warehouse, for pump
.27 Order, Benj. Poore, New York, Aug. 24, 1833, to J. R. Newell or Mr. Barrett or Willis, for budding knives
Danl. Leland, Sherborn, [
Printed receipt, Department of
State, Patent Office, to Wm. M. Morrison, for "Recording
Assn. [assignment] from M. Pennock to J. R. Newell"; signed by Alexr.
.30 Bill, John Otis to J. R. Newell for legal counsel, n.p., 1833-1835.
Circular letter, Geo. C.
.32 Printed letterhead, White & Post (Late White & Clark), Storage, Forwarding, Salt & Commission Merchants, Syracuse, New York, 1835. Addressed to J. R. Newell from I. White, re "Mr. Parker's invention."
copy of a protest of payment, signed by Isaac Stone, notary public,
Newburyport, Mass., August 4, 1835, about a bill owed by William Hill of
Newburyport to Joseph R. Newell of
.34 Printed receipt, Joseph R. Newell, for fifty shares in the stock of the Massachusetts Silk Co., signed by Vincent Brown, Treasurer, Boston, [Massachusetts], June 12, 1835.
.35 Letter, John Lovet, Cashier,
.36 Printed receipt, Joseph R. Newell, for a share of the Wes tern
.37 Printed receipt, Joseph R. Newell from Samuel A. Allen, Public Store Keeper, Custom House, Boston, [Massachusetts,] July 16, 1836. For storage of casks.
.38 Letter, J. G. Carter,
.39 Bond, Joseph R. Newell with Lincoln Fearing, Boston merchant, in the sum of fifty thousand dollars to be paid to the United States of America, "One Hundred & ten Dollars" to be paid for the time being to the Collector of the Customs. . . on certain goods imported in the Bark Nashua… from Liverpool,” [Boston, Massachusetts], June 8, 1837.
.40 Order, Boston Fire Department to J. R. Newell, for 1 chain to
be delivered to Engine Company, No. 18, [
.41 Notice of assessment, David A. Simmons, Treasurer, Mansfield Mining Company, to Joseph R. Newell for "3d Instalment [sic] of 2 Dollars per share on the capital stock," n.p., June 23, 1837.
.42 Letter, M. Dickerson, Navy Department, n.p., September 16, 1837, to J. R. Newell, re bill for tools supplied the U. S. Department (Exploring Expedition). With itemized bill and receipt on second leaf, signed by Joseph R. Newell. The charges were for hoes, rakes, knives, and other items. – IN OVERSIZE FOLDER
.43 Letter, Bradford & Rankin, Montague, [
.44-49 Letters, John Merrill Poore to Joseph R. Newhall (i.e. Newell), Agricultural Warehouse, re loans with the Newburyport Bank , West Newbury and Newburyport [Massachusetts], January 4, February [no date], February 3, February 19, March 12, March 24, 1838. – ACCESSION 78X223.48 IS IN OVERSIZE FOLDER
.51 Notebook and diary, [Joseph R. Newell], containing "Order
for English Tools from S. C. Parkhurst, with brief notes from a (sales?) trip
“through 13 different states," including a visit to some falls (
.52 Order, "for Ladd & Co.,
4: correspondence of Joseph Breck or Joseph Breck & Co. of
Joseph Breck & Co. to George Charwood, Seedsman,
Jos. L. Kelly & Co., Portland., [
.55 Letter, Otis Little &
.56 Letter, D. Landreth & Co.
.57 Bill (duplicate), to Samuel Cooper, [no place,] for a wide variety of vegetable seeds, on pictorial billhead of Joseph Breck & Co., New England Agricultural Warehouse and Seed Store, Dec. 1,1837
.58 Letter, B. Brewster,
.59 Letter, G. B, Parker,
.60 Order, Oliver Ames,
.61 Letter, D. Landreth & Co., [
.62 Order, Oliver Ames,
.63 Letter, James L. Belden,
.64 Bill, Mrs. Sarah Bullard bought a cow(?) of Nathaniel Livermore,
June 9, 1838; on pictorial billhead of New
England Agricultural Warehouse and Seed Store,
.65 Note, Oliver Ames,
.66 Account, Joseph Breck &
On verso, receipt
signed by James L. Belden,
.67 Order, David Landreth & Co.,
.68 Bond, Joseph Breck & Co. with Jesse Howe Of Sumner, Maine, and John Gardner of Paris, Maine, to buy clover seed, to be delivered to Luther Dana of Portland, or some other person if he cannot attend to the order, to be delivered before March 1, 1839,. Dated Oct. 24, 1838.
.69-70 Bills of exchange, Ralph
Higinbothom with Charles Reynolds, drafts on S. Morris Waln & Co. of
Philadelphia, dated Port au
.71 Bill of exchange, Ralph Higinbothom with Joseph Breck & Co.,
draft on Mess. S. Morris Waln & Co. of Philadelphia, dated Port au
.72 Letter, William Kenrick,
.73 Printed notice, City Marshal's Office, [
.74 Letter, Robt. Buist,
.75 Letter, Harper & Brothers,
.76 Sight draft, Joseph Breck & Co., from J.J. Godfrey, attached
to Mr. Godfrey's protest,
.77 Order, J. N. Stoddard,
.78 Order, D. Landreth & D. L. Munns,
.79 Notice of bankruptcy of Linus Barbour, Canton Centre,
.80 Letter, Neal Dow,
.81 Form letter, Charles W. Hegins, Office of the Clerk of the Senate
.82 Printed Bankruptcy Notice for Anthony Day, New York City, creditor to Joseph Breck & Co. , Jan. 31, 1843. With note to continue his subscription to the New England Farmer.
.83 Letter, Thomas Cunningham, Brook Farm, West
.84 Notice, Isaac Seymour, Notary Public, Peekskill, Westchester County, [N.Y.,] to Joseph Breck, regarding protest of a promissory note made by Geo. Richison(?), April 1, 1843.
.85 Letter, Mercantile Library Association Lecture Committee (Elliot C. Cowdin, Daniel N. Haskell, Edward Stearns, A. L. Stimson, Thomas Allen), Boston, to Joseph Breck & Co., re: course of public lectures, Sept. 1843.
.86 Letter, Geo. Ripley, Brook Farm, [West Roxbury, Mass.,] to Messrs. J. Breck & Co., regarding superior seeds he is sending, Sept. 19, 1843; attached is newspaper clipping about Brook Farm from the Boston Herald of March 7, 1906
.87 Assessment Notice, Middlesex Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Brighton,
.88 Assessment Notice, Middlesex Mutual Fire Insurance Company,
.89 Note, D. Landreth & Munns,
.90 Letter, Wm. O. Smith,
.92 Receipted bill, Brook Farm, Boston to Messrs. Jos. Breck & Co. for "Seed Sweet Corn", Jan. 26, 1845.
.93 Letter, Benj. Shurtleff, no place, to Joseph Breck, Esq, requesting insertion from "Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Agriculture 2nd Edition, page 869....," April 1845.
.94 Letter, Col. C. J. Sanders,
.95 Letter, Edmund Burke, Commissioner of Patents, United States Patent Office, [Washington, D. C.,] to Messrs. Joseph Breck & Co., requesting prices on a list of seeds, Nov. 20, 1845.
.96. Letter, Edmund Burke, , Commissioner of Patents, United States Patent Office, [Washington, D. C.,], ordering garden seeds, Dec. 27, 1845.
.97 Letter & Order, Saml. Cabot, Beverly Farms, for guano and a scythe, with shipping instructions, June 23, 1846.
.98 Letter, [
.99 Assessment bill, Middlesex Mutual Fire Insurance Co.,
.100 Assessment bill, Middlesex Mutual Fire Ins. Co.,
.101 Letter, J. M. Sherburn,
.102 Letter, Chas. Heard, Brighton, [
.103 Letter, Licentia Prescott, Fitzwilliam, N. H., to Joseph Breck, order for herb seeds, March 13, 1849
.104 Telegram, J. H. Bull,
.105 Telegram, J. H. Chipman,
.106 Letter, W. C. Strong,
.107 Letter, Bme.
.108 Circular letter, Henry H. Crapo, Wasemaquia Nursery, New Bedford, [Mass.] to J. Breck & Co., with additional list of seedlings, ornamental and fruit trees, fruits and roses available, 1850. Also contains order for "chrysanthemum seeds, with yellow flower, exhibited last fall from a private garden," etc., March 15, 1850
.109 Promissory note, Joseph Breck to pay Edward Chamber la in,
.110 Telegram, J. H. Chipman,
.111 Letter on pictorial letterhead, J. C. Whitin, Whitinsville, [
.112 Telegram, D. A. & R. B. Stearns,
.113 Circular letter, David Wilder, Jr., Auditor, Auditor's Office,
.114 Telegram, S. R. Byram, Eastport, to Breck & Co., send a box
of assorted garden seeds, May 6, 1853. On printed form of
.115 Telegram, J. F. Allen,
.116 blank printed receipt: 185-/ Received of Joseph Breck and Son … box of garden seeds, (no. ) containing papers, to be sold on their account and to be accounted for, at 3 cents per paper, net, or returned when called for, in good order.
Hugh H. Tuttle, Printer,
.117 Bill, Union Telegraph Company, [
.118 Letter, John Craig,
.119 Letter and order, Saml. Cabot,
.120 Circular letter, Antrim Shovel Co. of Antrim, N.H., announcing
sale of company to Messrs. Treadwell & Co. of
.121 Letter, (Rev.) Charles Brooks,
.122 Letter, Geo. C.
.123 Telegram, A. H. Estes,
.124 Article, written after 1883, defining the necessity of republishing "Breck's New Book of Flowers." [eight pages]
.125 Printed Notice, "Henry M. Lewis,
5: correspondence of Charles H. B. Breck,
.126-127 Pictorial billheads for Charles H. B. Breck,
New Seed Store,
.128 Pictorial billhead and/or letterhead,
Charles H. B. Breck, Seed Store,
.129-130 ... Printed
price lists: Charles H. B. Breck, New Seed Store, advertising
"Garden Seeds of the growth of 184-, raised for, and put up by … Breck, at his seed establishment,
.131 "Catalogue of Vegetable, Herb, Tree, Flower and Grass Seeds, for Sale at the New Seed Store, … by Charles H. B. Breck, Seedsman and Florist, Boston [Massachusetts], 1842. Printed by Tuttle & Dennett. Nineteen pages; vegetable seeds not priced.
.132-133 Circular: "Catalogue of Garden
Seeds for sale by Charles H. B. Breck, Seedsman and Florist,
.134 Order, R. Tremain, Jr., Halifax, [Nova Scotia], to Chas. H. B. Breck, Esq., for scythe snaths, rakes, manure forks, hay forks, etc., June 12(?), 1842. Also requests "books with patterns of such implements as the above …";
with copy of letter on second leaf requesting help in importing a Durham
Short horn bull from the
Folder 6: oversized items
Instrument of Protest, notice that James Crehore of
.42 Letter, M. Dickerson, Navy Department, n.p., September 16, 1837, to J. R. Newell, re bill for tools supplied the U. S. Department (Exploring Expedition). With itemized bill and receipt on second leaf, signed by Joseph R. Newell. The charges were for hoes, rakes, knives, and other items.
.48 Letter, John Merrill Poore to Joseph R. Newhall (i.e. Newell), Agricultural Warehouse, re loans with the Newburyport Bank, West Newbury, [Massachusetts], March 12, 1838.
.129-130 Printed price lists: Charles H. B. Breck, New Seed Store,
"Garden Seeds of the growth of 184-, raised for, and put up by … Breck, at his seed establishment,
Name index to
Allen, J. F. .115
Allen, Samuel A. .37
American Telegraph Company .123
Antrim Shovel Co. .120
Bain's Eastern Line .114, .115
Balance Manufactory .17
Barbour, Linus .79
Barrett .27, .54, .58
Barrett, G. H. .11, .14
Barrett, George C. .9 .10, .12, .13, .15-.16, .55
Belden, James L. .63, .66
Blanco, Bme. .107
Bosson, Charles P. .14
Bradford & Rankin .43
Breck's New Book of Flowers .124
Breck, Charles H. B. .126-.134
Brewster, B. .58
Brooks, Charles .121
Brown, Vincent .34
Buist, Robt. .74
Bull, J. H. .104
Bullard, Sarah .64
Burke, Edmund .95, .96
Byram, S. R. .114
Cabot, Saml. .97, .119
Cartee, J. G. .38
Chamberlain, Edward .88, .100, .109
Charwood, George .53
Chipman, J. H. .105, .110
Coffin, Hector .50
Cooper, Samuel .57
Craig, John .118
Crapo, Henry H. .108
Cunningham, Thomas .83
D. & C. Landreth – see entries under Landreth
Davies, Howell .14
Dawson, James .75
Dean, John, & Son .22
Dey, Anthony .82
Dickerson, M. .42
Dow, Neal .10, .80
Edwards, E. .3
Ely, Justine .21
Estes, A. H. .123
Fearing, Lincoln .39
Fisk, Elisha S. .2, .9
Gardner, John .68
Gleason & Houghton .18
Godfrey, J. J. .76
Gore, Rebecca .7
Gregory, James .11
Griffith, David .72
Gusborough Agricultural Society [
Harper & Brothers .75
Heard, C. .87, .88
Heard, Chas. .102
Henry Van Eden & Co. .8
Higinbothom, Ralph .69-70
Hingham Bank .35
Horticultural Society (
Howard, Chas. .35
Howe, Jesse .68
Jaques, S. .12
John Dean, & Son .22
Jos. L. Kelley & Co. .54
Kelley, Jos. L. & Co. .54
Kenrick, William .72
Kingsbury, Joseph .65
Ladd & Co. .52
Ladd, John G. .91
Lancaster Bank .38
Landreth, D. & Co. .56, .61
Landreth, D. & C. .13
Landreth, D. & D. L. Munns .78
Landreth, D. & Munns .89
Landreth, D. M. .89
Landreth, David .67
Leland, Daniel .23, .28
Lewis, Henry M. .125
Little & Hale .19
Little, Otis & Co. .55
Livermore, Nathaniel .64
Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Agriculture .93
Lovett, John O. .35
Magnetic Telegraph Office .104, .105
Mansfield Mining Company .41
Massachusetts Silk Co. .34
Mclntire, Alexr. .29
Mercantile Library Association .85
Middlesex Mutual Fire Insurance Co. .87, .88, .99, .100
Morrison, Wm. M. .29
Morse Line .110
Munns, D. L. (of Landreth, D. & D.L.Munns) .78
New England Agricultural Warehouse and Seed Store [number not given]
New England Knitting Machine Co. .15-.16
Newburyport Bank .44-49
Newell .6, .31
Newell, J. .18
Newell, J. R. .12, .19, .23, .24, .27, .28-.30, .32, .35, .38, .40, .42, .50
Newell, Joseph R. .17, .20, .34, .36, .37, .41, .44-49, .51
Newell, Joseph R., Balance Manufactory .17
Newhall, Joseph R. .44-49
Newhall, Josiah (Gen.) .5
Otis, John .30
Parker, G. B. .59
Parkhurst, S. C. .51
Pennock, M. . .29
Poore, Benj. .27
Poore, John Merrill .44-49
Post (of White & Post) .32
Prescott, Licentia .103
Reynolds, Charles .69-70
Richison, Geo. .84
Ripley, Geo. .86
Robinson, George .4
Russell .7, .9
Russell, John B. .1-.3, .6, .8
S. Morris Wain & Co. .69-70, .71
Sanders, C. J. (
Saville, Wm. .20
Seymour, Isaac .84
Sherburn, J. M. .101
Shurtleff, Benj. .93
Simmons, David A. .41
Sivret, J. W. .17
Smith, E. .26
Smith, [Mansfield?] H. .98
Smith, Wm. O. .90
Stearns. D. A. & R. B. .112
Stedman, Eben. .1
Stoddard, J. N. .77
Strong, W. C. .106
Thorburn, Geo. C. .31, .122
Thorburn, Grant & Son .31
Toohey, R. .7
Treadwell & Co. .120
Tremain, R., Jr. .134
Tuttle, Hugh H. (Printer) .116
Union Telegraph Company .117
Van Eden, Henry, & Co. .8
Wain, S. Morris &
Wasemaquia Nursery . 108
Waterman, C. D. .117
Western Railroad Corporation .36
White & Post (late White & Clark) .32
White, I. .32
Whitin, J. C. .111
Willis, C. .26, .43