The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera
Francis du Pont
5105 Kennett Pike, Winterthur, Delaware 19735
Telephone: 302-888-4600 or 800-448-3883
OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION
Creator: Centennial Exhibition (1876: Philadelphia, Pa.)
Acc. No.: [various – see detailed description]
Quantity: 2 boxes, 2 folders
Location: 18 I 3-4
The Centennial International Exhibition
was held in
Although the Centennial lost money, it provided ample evidence of American progress in education, industry, and the arts that would have a lasting impact on foreign trade.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The collection consists of miscellaneous photographs, a glass lantern slide, stereographs, lithographs, advertising materials, maps, and other memorabilia relating to the Centennial International Exhibition. The photographs and stereographs depict the interiors and exteriors of fair buildings. Several feature sculptures that were displayed in the Italian section. A series of colored lithographs published by Thomas Hunter depict the exteriors of fair buildings and the surrounding landscape.
pieces of advertising pertain to pre-centennial events and the First Centennial
Train ride in October of 1875. The
events were sponsored by
collection also features the "Centennial Exhibition Puzzle Blocks,"
manufactured by George H. Chinook. It
includes pieces for five puzzles that when put together show the
The materials are grouped by type: photographs and stereographs, lithographs, advertising materials and memorabilia, and miscellaneous.
LANGUAGE OF MATERIALS
The materials are mostly in English; some captions are in German, French, and Spanish.
RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS
Collection is open to the public. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Purchased from various sources.
The exhibitor’s pass and the photo identification of R.M. Wagan, and the medal he and his Shaker chairs won at the exhibition are in the Artifacts section of the Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection.
Doc. 113: E. S. Marsh, “Memoir of the Centennial Exhibition of 1876.”
Doc. 222: James W. Morse, Diary for 1876.
Doc. 1139: anonymous, Diary, 1876.
Subject heading search in WinterCat for Centennial Exhibition will reveal many more relevant items.
In the Print Study Collection:
Lithograph of the
Centennial Exhibition (1876 :
Buildings - Pictorial works.
Lithography - Specimens.
Sculpture - Photographs.
Wet collodion negatives.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION
Location: 18 I 3-4
Folder 1: Advertising and Memorabilia (acc. 69x154.1-.16; 04x59): Broadsides, prints, circulars, advertisements, and pamphlets, 1876:
.1 Broadside about the designs and sizes of the principal buildings, with an engraving of the Main Exhibition Building by D.G. Yates. Issued by the United States Centennial Commission. (folded)
.2 General regulations for exhibitors, with a list of commissioners, departments, etc. Dated May 22, 1875. At head of title: United States Centennial Commission , no. 105.
[note: acc. 04x59 is an earlier version of this.]
.3 Rules for displays in the Main Exhibition Building, issued by Bureau of Installation. Dated Aug. 20, 1875. At head of title: United States Centennial Commission , no. 118.
.4 Engraving: “Balloon View of the Grounds,” printed as supplement to Harper’s Weekly, Sept. 30, 1876, done from photographs by R. Newell & Sons and sketches by Theo. R. Davis. (folded; parting along fold lines – handle with care)
.5 Broadside: description of the Art Gallery, with illustration. Issued by the United States Centennial Commission. (folded)
.6 Centennial Newspaper Exhibition, with view of the building (done by Crosscup & West) and floor plans on the reverse
.7 “Suggestions for Pedestals, Balustrades, & Seats, to be executed in Marble, Natural or Artificial Stone & located in the Central Avenue & at the Intersection of avenues & passage ways in the Main Exhibition Building.” (folded illustration)
.8 Advertisement for The Illustrated Catalogue of the United States International Exhibition, 1876, with notice to manufacturers and exhibiters from Gebbie & Barrie, the publishers.
.9 Circular for the National Cookery Book proposed by the Women's Centennial Executive Committee.
.10 Ad for fireworks available for Centennial celebrations from B.T. Wells of the New England Laboratory of Boston. [Ad is addressed to all planning a celebration, not just for the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia.]
.11 Ad from Maynard's Centennial and Art Bulletin for photographs and stereographs of the exhibition, Dec. 1876. Also announces that Maynard’s “Grand Reproductions of the World’s Fair” will be on exhibit in Boston.
.12 Pamphlet about the British Section, specifically about 3 silver and steel repoussé items manufactured by Elkington & Co.
for A.H. Hews & Co., pottery seller of
.14 Ad for Perry's Wooden House; address: J.R. Perry, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. The solid wall wooden house was patented Oct. 1874, re-issued March 14, 1876; there is no reference to the Centennial Exhibition on this item.
.15 Ad for Ferris Patent Cooker, with instructions for use. Available from Jesup & Sterling, New York. There is no reference to the Centennial Exhibition on this item.
.16 Pamphlet about the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, Hampton, Virginia, with views of Virginia Hall and Academic Hall. There is no reference to the Centennial Exhibition on this item.
Lists members of the commission, the categories into which exhibits will be divided, and other rules about exhibits. Published July 4, 1874.
[note: acc. 69x154.2 is a later version of this.]
Folder 2: Tickets
55.708, 62x92, 12x133, 13x74 Package tickets to the exhibition good from May 10 to Nov. 10, 1876. All were engraved by the Philadelphia Bank Note Company and include printed signature of David G. Yates. Three are pink on the back; one is blue-green and indicates that the cost of entrance was 50 cents.
Ticket numbers: 22545, 71923, 87350, 91788
Folder 3: Stereographs: (acc. 68x37.4-.6; 69x224.1-.9; 77x27.1, 96x61.8; 99x118.8)
68x37: from the Centennial Photographic Co., Philadelphia, 1876:
.4 Reed & Barton Co.’s silver exhibit in the main building [stereograph number is illegible];
.5 978 - Reed & Barton Co.’s silver exhibit in the main building, a close-up view of the exhibit, showing a trophy urn, two sculptures, coffee and tea services, and other pieces;
.6a-.6b 1453 - Reed & Barton Co.’s silver exhibit in the main building (2 copies)
69x225: from the Centennial Photographic Co., Philadelphia, 1876:
.1 1747 - Art Annex, Italian section [shows statues and paintings];
.2 1748 - Art Annex, Italian section [different view from above];
.3 1418 - Italian section, Memorial Hall Annex [shows statues and paintings];
.4 Maxwell's Rocky Mountain Museum, Colorado Building [shows mostly taxidermy mammals; figure of a woman sits holding a bird; stereograph number is illegible];
.5 1731 - Art Annex, Italian Department [shows statues];
.6 1778 - Art Annex, Italian section [shows statues];
.7 796 - Corliss engine;
.8 189 - Art Annex, Italian section [shows statues and paintings; the stereograph number may actually be four digits, but only the 189 is legible]
69x225.9 1945 - General Washington's carriage, with notice on back that S.R. Phillips had been awarded prize for his harness and saddles
77x27.1 1740 [or 1746] - Art Annex, Italian section [shows some of the same statues and paintings as in 69x225.3] (from the Centennial Photographic Co., Philadelphia, 1876)
96x61.8 Art Annex, the name of the section and the number of the stereograph are illegible, but the round items on the wall in the background are the same as those in the background in 69x225.5, which is labeled Italian Department (card printed by the Centennial Photographic Co. of Philadelphia, 1876)
2017x61 “The Centennial – General View from George’s Hill, showing camp of West Point Cadets,” from Popular Series, no photographer listed;
a train and fair buildings are in the background; an entrance gate is in the immediate foreground;
2018x24.4-.7: from the Centennial Photographic Co., Philadelphia, 1876:
.4 “838 - Horti. Grounds from Horti. H.” [Horticultural Grounds from Horticultural Hall], depicting a garden with a gazebo to one side;
.5 “754 - Horti. Hall East Front” [Horticultural Hall], showing fountain, with this building in background;
.6 “947 – Lake, from Mach. Hall” [Lake from Machinery Hall], with fountain playing in lake, buildings around lake, and railroad tracks through the grounds;
.7 “960 – Mach. Hall, N. Avenue from E. End” [Machinery Hall, North Avenue from East End,” with French exhibits in foreground, and a sign for Great Britain and Ireland in the middle
Folder 4: Photographs:
71x262 Glass lantern slide of the Italian Section of the Main Building, 1876, slide number 1454.
Labeled both Centennial Photographic Co. of Philadelphia, 1876, and L. J. Marcy, Philadelphia
Folder 5: Photographs: (acc. 71x263, all carte-de-visite size)
71x263 Photograph cards, cartes-de-visite, most with handwritten captions
.1 Interior view of a room, probably a display of antique furniture [caption illegible]
.3 The Union Vase
.4 A head in marble
.5 Baby house [a doll house]
.7 Arms and Trophy Department [suits of armor, cannon, weapons]
.8 Rustic bridge, Horticultural Department
.9 Union Avenue [inside a building]
.10 Union Avenue (slightly different view from that above)
.11 Interior view of unnamed building, flags hanging from the ceiling
.12 Relics and curiosities
.13 Refreshment saloon, showing waiters, all of whom appear to be African Americans
.14 Firemen's department (see also .19)
.15 Photograph Department
.16 India-rubber Department (so captioned, but sign on wall reads Rubber & Gutta Percha Department)
.18 Art Gallery (different view from that above)
.19 Firemen's Department (different view from .14 above)
.20 Department of silverware
.22 Independence Hall (different view from that above)
Folder 6: Lithographs: (acc. 77x356.1-.19)
77x356 Colored lithographs published by
Thomas Hunter, lithographer,
.1 Agricultural Hall, by L. Aubrun, with dimensions of building
.2 Horticultural Hall, by L. Aubrun, with dimensions of building
.3 Judges Hall, by Aubrun, with dimensions of building
.4 Machinery Hall, by Aubrun, with dimensions of building
.5 Brewers Building, artist’s name illegible
.6 Butter and Cheese Factory
.7 Carriage Exhibition Building
.8 Cook's World’s Ticket Office
.9 French Restaurant
.10 Glass Exhibition Building, Gillinder & Sons
.14 Photograph Exhibition Building
.15 Pomological Building
.16 Photographic Association Studio
.19 Spanish Building
Folder 7: Letterhead stationery
83x75.3 Letterhead stationery for Thomas Hunter, Lithographer, featuring an illustration of the Main Building.
With letter, Th. Hunter and Lanard, Jan. 20, 1876, to Mr. M. L. Filly: enclosing price list for Hunter's Centennial pictures and mentioning some of items available.
83x111 billhead for Thomas Hunter, Lithographer, which does not mention the Centennial Exhibition.
Receipted bill, M. L. Filley of Troy, N.Y., paid for 100 Centennial views
Folder 8: Map (bound volume)
70x27 Centennial Memento Map of Philadelphia, a bound volume with a fold-out map, featuring advertisements and engraved illustrations of Centennial buildings. A few of the ads are in German.
The map was originally published by T.R. Callender & Co. in 1872, based on survey of E. Stoifier. The name John P. Hunt has been overprinted, as have views of 2 Centennial buildings (Main and Art Gallery).
Handle with great care – the map is parting along fold lines.
Folder 9: Machine embroidered picture
80x84 Machine embroidered view of "Memorial Hall, International Exhibition," made by Werner Itschner & Co. Philadelphia, Pa., and designed by W. Ecklin, commemorating the Centennial.
Machine embroidered on silk with blue threads. The item is in a contemporary mat and frame.
Folder 10: Centennial Train memorabilia, 1875 (acc. 80x218):
80x218 Centennial Train memorabilia, October 1875:
.1 Printed circular letter regarding a special Centennial Train to bring special guests from Buffalo, N.Y., to view the fair grounds. This special trip was on Oct. 20-21, 1875. (see .2 below, which goes with this item)
.2 Invitation from the Merchants of Philadelphia to Mr. H.B. Tuttle, “to inspect the preparations for the...” Centennial Exhibition. Inside is the list of Philadelphia merchants who extended the invitation. (This invitation was accompanied by the circular letter above.)
.3 Pictorial envelope advertising the "First Centennial Train," with an inscription "about 300 invited from Buffalo [and other places] ... to examine the buildings and other preparations for the exposition…." The envelope is printed with names of historian (Thos. Kean), electrician (N. Hucker), and caterer (P.J. Hanour).
.4a-b Newspaper clippings about the train
.5 Ticket for the Centennial Train, no. 4.
of the First Centennial Train for
.8 Invitation to Centennial Lunch, Oct. 20, 1875, catered by P. J. Hanour.
.9 Theater ticket for guests of the merchants of Philadelphia visiting the city for the Centennial. “Tom Cobb” and “Sweethearts” were presented at the Chestnut Street Theatre.
for Banquet at the Belmont Pavilion, hosted by the merchants of
.11 Menu for the banquet, with program of music by Hassler’s Orchestra.
.12 Red ribbon badge, with gilt printing, Oct. 21, 1875 [probably worn by the guests]
Folder 11: Handkerchief
83x141 Double handkerchief (i.e. two
handkerchiefs which have not been cut apart or hemmed) featuring a depiction of
Folder 12: souvenir booklets
04x42.2 “Souvenir of the Centennial Exposition,” a small booklet (almost 3” x 4 5/8”) with dark red cover, with fold-out pictures: birds-eye view of the fairgrounds, Main Building, Machinery Hall, Art Gallery, Agricultural Hall, Horticultural Hall, Women’s Pavilion.. The name Harriet K. Frunzen is penciled at the end.
15x9 “Centennial Pocket Album, 1776-1876,” published by the Centennial Album Co. of New York City; registered at the Patent Office, July 20th, 1875; lithographed by Heppenheimer & Maurer of New York City.
A small booklet (about 3” x 4 5/8”) with accordion-pleated pages of pictures of Revolutionary War scenes and the Centennial Exhibition fairgrounds. Depicted are the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Carpenter’s Hall, Liberty Bell, Washington’s Retreat near Philadelphia, Independence Hall (2 views), Faneuil Hall and Old State House in Boston, Washington’s headquarters in Newburgh, Old City Hall in New York City, the U.S. Capitol, the Main Building of the Centennial Exhibition, Agricultural Hall, Machinery Hall, Horticultural Hall, and Art Gallery. (These views are different from those in 04x42.2.) Printed inside the front and back covers are the words to “’The Hymn’ Sung at the Opening of Our Centennial.”
Folder 13: brochure
04x55.1 “Souvenir offert par la ville de Spa (Belgique),” an advertising brochure about Spa, Belgium, mostly in French, with the heading “Exposition Internationale de Philadelphie, 1876.” The brochure describes the springs and the activities of the town, and includes an engraving of “Grand Etablissement des Bains”
80x85 Illustrated broadside, “Pennsylvania Railroad / Exclusive Route to the Centennial Exhibition,” featuring a map of Philadelphia and the Centennial grounds; D.M. Boyd, Jr., General Passenger Agent; printed by Allen, Lane & Scott's Railroad and Mercantile Printing House, Philadelphia, Pa., 1876.
It includes two views, one a bird's eye view of the Centennial grounds and the other a view of railroad track tanks along a river. Printed in blue and black.
81x296 “Centennial Souvenir.” A print of an elaborate Centennial Exhibition badge. Figures from top to bottom include (there are more than are herein described): Statue of Freedom, Columbia, statues of soldiers, a central medallion with portraits of George Washington and U. S. Grant, a seal with horses between views of buildings, two artillerymen with a cannon, two more seals, another allegorical female figure, and the Liberty Bell. At the bottom of the sheet is printed “Keep me for ever.”
Box 2: puzzle
accession number] Centennial
Exhibition Puzzle Blocks, manufactured by George H. Chinnook, Brett Litho. Co.,
lithographer 1875. Pieces are in a
wooden box with an illustration of the main building. Lithographs of the