The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera
OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION
Creator: Thomas Sully, 1783-1872
Acc. No.: [various – see detailed description]
Quantity: 1 box
Location: 17 A 4
Thomas Sully was a portrait, miniature, and
figure painter. He was born on
1809 to 1810, Sully was in
SCOPE AND CONTENT
This is an artificial collection made up of
Sully manuscripts acquired over a period of time. The highlights of it are the two volumes of
The letters in the two volumes of “Letters from
Additional material includes an inventory of Sully's possessions at his death and a codicil to his will, a certificate entitling Sully to a share in the property of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1831), an admission ticket to a Royal Academy event, a letter to Robert P. Smith, dated November 8, 1834, declining a dinner invitation and including a toast for the dinner, two checks from the Bank of the United States, a letter to an engraver about copying a painting, a note about recanvassing and repainting an early Sully portrait (1854), a letter to M. Carey discussing his brother's ability as an artist with mentions of Washington Allston, and a receipt for a frame made by M. Williamson.
A card file that indexes names of people, places, and objects in the Sully letter books has been created; there is a separate file for each volume. Indexes to personal names only is appended to the finding aid, as is a summary of the contents of each of the 28 letters.
A summary of contents has also been compiled for Sullys' memoirs. A portion of the memoirs was published as Hints to Young Painters and Processes of Portrait Painting after Sully's death. A copy is in the Rare Book Room (RBR ND1262 S95).
There is no particular order to the items in the collection.
Acquired from various sources.
Sartain, John, 1808-1897.
Portrait painting, American.
Portrait painting - 19th century.
Inventories of decedents' estates.
Inheritance and succession.
Artists - Social life and customs.
Painting, Modern - 19th century - History.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION
Location: 17 A 4
56 x 13.6.1 Inventory and appraisal of Sully’s possessions at his death, 1872. Also includes a list of bequests to various people of art objects and related tools such as brushes, palettes, etc. His daughters received money.
56 x 13.6.2a-b Codicils to will of Thomas Sully, 1865-1866.
65 x 76
x 98 Sully's
admission ticket to the
68 x 48 Two checks from the Bank of the
68 x 17.4
Sully sends his regrets to
Richard P. Smith on
to Mr. Hart from Sully,
73 x 190 Letter regarding a painting that an unidentified engraver [John Sartain, perhaps] would like to copy, 1847. Sully suggests a painting of a child asleep with a rosebud.
74 x 421 Letter from Sully to M. Carey, 1834, discussing Carey's brother as an artist. He also mentions Washington Allston.
78 x 5 Letter from Sully to "My dear Koecker" on recanvassing and repairing a portrait, 1854.
79 x 299 Receipt for a frame, signed by Sully.
to General Nicholas Ridgely about a portrait which Mr. Peale is to varnish and
the frame for the portrait,
same sheet: receipt signed by Rembrandt Peale, acknowledging Ridgely’s payment,
of original document at Hampton House,
of letters to John Sartain,
.1 May 28, 1844. concerns Mr. Wilcock's agreement of terms for and engraving of the “Hoqua”; asks for criticism of new painting.
16, 1858. Sully declines an invitation
to be on a committee representing the
19, 1865. Requests West portrait to
varnish while the
.6 November 28, n.y. Sully thanks Sartain for loan of picture.
.7 n.d. Letter to Mr. and Miss Sartain from Sully's daughter, Blanche, requesting they accept a bust of Venus D'Arles owned by her father.
Folders 6 and 7:
84 x 130.1 - .2. Two
volumes of manuscripts containing the text of letters Sully and Blanche wrote
to family in
A summary of the letters and indexes to the names mentioned in the letters (an index for each volume) are appended to this finding aid.
88x215.7, .12, .13, .25 Four small engravings of Sully paintings by various engravers, all depicting children.
Photocopy of typescript entitled
“Thomas Sully's Hints for Pictures,” noted as having been “copied
August-September 1921, from the original manuscript in the possession of Mrs.
91 x 19 “Memoirs of the Professional Life of Thomas Sully…”
Thomas Sully's memoirs cover two areas of his
professional life: the techniques of his artistry and his recollections of some
of the painters that he knew. In the
preface to this manuscript, Sully writes that through his work as an artist, he
collected hints and gained experiences that he wanted to pass on to other
painters. Among the painting techniques
that Sully wrote about were the most important facial features that a portrait
needed to highlight, how to paint backgrounds, the usefulness of sketching and
modelling in clay for the painter, and how to most effectively arrange a
palette. Sully reconstructs a palette
that he considered "the best I have tried" and another that he
customarily used for a third portrait sitting.
Reflecting his admiration for Gilbert Stuart, Sully records two of his
palettes, one of which was designed specifically for painting flesh. Sully also addresses different ways in which
varnishes were used and provides formulae for paints and varnishes. He even includes a color chart to show how
primary colors were mixed to produce other colors. Sully used small drawings to augment his thoughts. One of his illustrations depicts John
Trumbull's small exhibition room on
comments on painters of his and other generations and critiques their work. Artists including Gilbert Stuart, Thomas
Gainsborough, Henry Fuseli, Charles Willson Peale, Benjamin West, Joshua
Reynolds, Washington Allston, Thomas Lawrence, C.R. Leslie, and J.M.W. Turner
all come under Sully's scrutiny. Of West, he notes: "I need not say how
much I reaped from the services of this good man; he treated me as if I had
been his son." Sully also remarks
on a study group in which he took part while in
1873, a short edited version of these memoirs, Hints to Young Painters and the Process of Portrait Painting, was
printed under Sully's name as a posthumous publication. F.T.S. Darley, Sully's grandson, was the
editor. The manuscript contains Darley's
penciled‑in editorial revisions.
After Thomas Sully's death, this manuscript was probably passed on to
his daughter, Jane Darley. F.T.S. Darley
had earlier given it to Thomas Nash of
A typed summary of the memoir is appended to this finding aid.
The memoir is also available on microfilm, Mic. 2930.
Related Thomas Sully items in other collections:
57 x 18 Mrs.
62 x 33 Norris family scrapbook (Fol. 241), in which Sully is mentioned on pages 150, 153, and 156.
x 8.2 John Stevens Cogdell discusses Sully at some
67 x 112.3 Sully mentioned in a printed letter (Col. 361, Miscellaneous Letters).
67 x 121 Scrapbook
of portraits at the Union League Club,
69 x 9 Mentioned in a pamphlet of the proceedings of the National Convention of Artists, 1858, pages 4 and 15. (Rare Book stacks N21 W31)
69 x 46.1-7
A letter to John Sartain from
Sully and daughter, Blanche, 1840s, in the John Sartain Papers (
72 x 123 Correspondence about paintings in the form of
several letters to Miss Eunice Chambers (
72x359 Lawrence Park Papers (Col. 96), discusses Sully in work on colonial art.
x 453 Mentioned
in the Mantle Fielding Papers (
87 x 65 Details of Sully's friendship with fellow artist, Jonathan Mason, Jr., in Mason's Recollections (Doc. 30).
Ph1305 Broadside announcing a meeting of the
Mic. 101 Charles N. Bancker papers, number .27: Sully wants to paint a portrait in the Bancker collection.
791 and reels following.
Mentioned in Artists in
Mic. 913 Mentioned in a dissertation on John Neagle, 1959.
Mic. 2930 “Memoirs of the Professional Life of Thomas Sully” (acc. no. 91x19)
Acc. 91 x 19 “Memoirs of the Professional Life of Thomas Sully…”: a page-by-page summary (original in folder 10)
Spine title: Private Memorandum.
on title page: “The property of Thomas Nash,
In his preface, Sully wrote that through his work as an artist, he had collected useful hints and gained experience that he wished to pass on to other painters. Sully assembled this volume from his memoranda, not trusting his descendants to choose what they thought was important from the memoranda.
1: Discusses early years in
3: Draws Stuart's palette for painting flesh. Mastic varnish and drying oil
mixed together - called macguilp - in equal parts moistened colors. Writes
about going to
7: Talks about how Thomas Gainsborough's
work resembles Stuart’s. Disappointed
with Joshua Reynolds: “did not come up to my warm imagination of his
excellence.” Talks about Opie, J. S.
Copley, Thomas Lawrence, Benjamin West, Fuseli, and John Russell. Visited Miss Linwood’s rooms in
Page 9: Describes West’s house, gallery, and painting room. Of West: “I was much surprised by the ease with which any one can obtain access to this excellent and unaffected man. Though surrounded by visitors, he yet went on with his painting.” Ramsay Reinagle paints with oil on paper. Describes how to prepare drying oil and mastic varnish. Repeats earlier discussion of macguilp.
Page 11: Reports that beeswax was mixed by English painters with mastic varnish. Writes about how Sir William Beechey tempered his colors and varnished. Sully thought the process Beechey used for varnishing would darken the picture. Best portrait by Joshua Reynolds was Lord Heathfield. Sir Martin Archer Shee advised to use the simplest materials as vehicles in painting; John Trumbull agreed.
Page 13: West’s steps: sketch on paper with middle tint with a reed pen, paint in with burnt umber, brush with size, retouch with oils. Shee condemns the use of yellow “oker” in painting flesh and believes glazing should be used sparingly. West thought Correggio was an ideal colorist. Talks of colors of Titian and Rubens.
17: Returned to
19: Allston once spoke of using colors ground in skimmed milk. “Alston preferred an old picture frame to the
glairing glitter of a new one.” Writes
about precautions to be taken before varnishing a picture. Formula for
“Painter’s Cream.” Describes how he
sent a not quite dry painting from
21: Formula for egg varnish. Copies a letter written in 1820 by
22 [actually the page facing 21, breaking the pattern of writing on the left
hand page only]: Letter from
Believe me that the most valuable present you can make to a young man of real talent, is the works of Sir Joshua Reynolds, I mean his Discourses, and his journal to the Low-countries. These, which are in no part infested [Sully struck out the word affected and replaced it with infested] with idle, fanciful theories, will elevate his motives to the true philosophy of art….”
23: Sketch of instrument to draw straight lines on a wet picture. Discusses where to place different parts of a
portrait on the canvas. Sully records
prices he charged for portraits from 1803-1837. Visited Allston in
25: Continues with Allston visit. Notes
that he admires Reynolds. “Head of St.
Peter” the best example of Allston’s work. Sketches window of Allston’s studio in
Page 27: A picture by Velazquez of a deer hunt is quite Titian-like. Writes about retouching flesh tints. West noted that while painting, artists benefited from having suggestions and criticisms from observers who were present in the studio. He did not advise that painters shut themselves off from visitors while at work.
Page 29: “I think Copley is in all respects but one, equal to West. He has not so great dispatch; but he is more correct; nor does he so often repeat his ideas.” Repeats use of skim milk in mixing colors.
31: Allston’s recommendation for
painting flesh colors. “Any opinion on
the subject of painting from Alston is entitled to grave consideration.” Stuart Newton preferred portraits by .Reynolds
to those of
Page 33: Horace Walpole preferred portraits to landscape and paintings of historical events. Johnson said that portraits were for family and loved ones, rather than for the subject who is depicted.
35: Draws skylight of
Page 37: Talks of retouching a portrait that he originally did in 1809, commenting that his good canvas preparation meant that the paint did not crack. Records Charles Willson Peale's mode for preparing a canvas. Writes about painting on poplar boards. Preparation of colors.
Page 39: Color chart featuring red, yellow, and blue and colors derived from mixing them.
41: Writes about facial expression and color. 1828 visit to
Page 43: Continues Rembrandt comments. Recalls a visit to the Angersteen collection. On Trumbull: “Trumbull has applied a coat of Bees-wax dissolved in spirits of turpentine (so that it is thick as jelly when it becomes cold) and painted over the back of the pictures which he executed for the Capitol at Washington; which he thinks will defend them from the dampness of the wall.” Quotes from Northcote’s life of Reynolds.
Page 45: Continues from Northcote. Quotes from the diary of Ennuyee about Raphael.
47: 1831, from Allan Cunningham: an artist who assigns no merit to the looks of
an important individual. Mentions Stuart
Newton’s thoughts about
49: Writes about painting a snow scene.
51: Following Allston’s suggestion, Sully has stricken raw umber from his
Page 53: Went to the “British Institution” and commented on a painting by Velazquez once owned by Reynolds. Visited Cattermole, Alfred Chalon, Healy [Thomas F. Heaphy?] (will make an excellent painter), and Doughty.
Page 55: Doughty removes grease from paintings using Irish potatoes, then washes and dries the painting. Meets David Wilkie. Appreciates Wilkie’s talents, but does not admire his work. To National Gallery. Meets W. Beechey, now 85, for the first time since 1810. Thinks Beechey's recent works should be destroyed so that his reputation will not be tarnished.
57: To Turner’s gallery. Comments on “Gala
Page 59: Writes about Titian’s work.
Page 61: “A Rembrandt, notwithstanding its vulgarity, is solidly painted, careful, and true in the colouring.” Critiques Reynolds’ work. December 12th, to National Gallery where two works by Correggio were disappointments.
Page 63: Writes about Reynolds’ work once again. Portrait of a Jewish merchant by Rembrandt is his best work in portraiture; discusses more of Rembrandt’s work. January 14, 1838, at Leslie’s looking at facsimiles of designs for Sistine chapel, by Michelangelo.
Page 65: February 5, 1838, is varnishing day at the “British Institution.” Describes Turner varnishing his paintings. Assesses Landseer. Goes to gallery at Bridgewater House.
Page 67: More on Bridgewater House and its contents: paintings by Titian, Rembrandt, Raphael.
Page 69: Writes about Landseer again: good portraitist, but wanting in the practice of painting flesh. Visited Henry Pickersgill whose daughter painted good miniatures. March 6, 1838: described Reynolds pictures owned by Sir F. Baring.
71: Writes about “the late Stoddard” and how he was unappreciated in his own
lifetime. Comments on Lord Ashburton's
collection. On March 9th, went to the
Sketching Club at Leslie’s. On March
73: “The owners of excellent pictures in
75: Visited Mr. Evans, a pupil of
77: May 4, 1838, went to National
Gallery exhibition where Landseer’s works claimed most interest. “The works of Turner grew upon me.” Attended watercolor exhibition in
81: Continues with Peel. Impressed with
83: Off to
85: To Palais Royale where admired Horace Vernet works. Returns to
87: Continues observing
Page 89: Edward Miles, an English painter of miniatures, is a good contrast with Sully because he was not particular about keeping records on how he painted. Writes down the Italian recipe for drying oils.
Page 91: Writes about the use of varnish and tampering with madder lake.
Page 93: Writes about the kind of white paint in use. Critiques Stuart: “Stuart rarely excelled in painting the female face. His excellence lay chiefly in delineating strong and vigorous character.”
Page 95: Discusses how time and fire change colors and gives the recipe for Japanner’s gold size. Titian painted on a red ground when doing flesh colors.
97: “But the spirit of art in this country [
Page 99: In portraits, all should be kept subordinate to the face. Quotes from the memoirs of Wilkie on Reynolds and his representation of female character.
Page 101: If a portrait is refined too much the identify of the subject is lost. Writes about egg varnish. Explains that kit kat is a size of a portrait [somewhat less than half-length].
Page 103: Recipe for “Painter’s Butter,” white varnish and “Incomparable varnish” which was used by van Dyke.
105: More varnish talk. Describes sittings of
Page 107: “In 1851 my present practice in painting, and has been such for many years, the following.” Sully then describes his process of portrait painting including sittings, technique of canvas work, and what his palette. looked like, draws palette.
Page 109: Discusses more about his palette and colors. Describes what goes where on his canvas.
Page 111: Depicts palette for the third sitting and writes more about the different sittings and coloring.
[Sully stops numbering his pages here, so all following page numbers have been assigned.]
112:] Sully writes on February 4, 1858,
113:] Acknowledges kindnesses of Philadelphians Richard Rush, Joseph Denny, and
Sansom Levy, the director of the Academy of the Fine Arts, who supported
Sully's idea for acquiring financial 5upport for a trip to
114:] Mr. Wilcocks, because the Academy
did not have the funds to sponsor a
116:] Of West: “I need not say how much
benefit I reaped from the services of this good man; he treated me as if I had
been his son.” Discusses others met in
[Page 117:] In another hand, page is headed “Introduction.” All other text is in Sully’s writing. Dated September 21, 1859. Opening lines:
My friend Dr. Koecker suggested to me that by overhauling my various memorandums, I might revive some reminiscence of events, that might possibly be interesting to my son; and from which he might select matter for publication. I have accordingly set down various occurrence that have recurred to my recollection.
Some repetition, though talks more about Cooper.
118:] Writes again about going to
[Page 119:] Depicts Stuart’s palette in 1807. Restores a portrait of Garrick by Pine. Did a painting for James McMurtrie in 1812, who gave it in turn to Dr. Dorsey on the condition that the Sully family be given free medical care for their lifetimes. Some other portraits done.
120:] Writes about West retouching “Raising
of Lazarus” after it had been damaged in shipping, Writes about 1837-1838
[Page 121:] Draws the palette that he has used for many years and discusses it.
[Page 122:] Repeats what he wrote about the kindness of West. Sully never witnessed excess drinking by Stuart, but did observe that he procrastinated too much.
Summary of letters from Thomas and Blanch
To: Mrs. Thos. Sully
Note by Thos. Sully
To: Mrs. Thos. Sully.
“I am well - but of course a little heart ache.”
From: Thos. Sully
To: Mrs. Thos. Sully
have dated my letter in advance, because I shall put it in some Ships
letter-Bag when at
Signed Thos. Sully
Thursday morning, Nov. 1, 1837,
To: Mrs. Thos. Sully
the entrance to Southampton and dropped anchor in sight of
Friday, Nov. 2, 1837
ashore this morning to board a pilot boat for
Saturday, Nov. 3, 1837
Monday Nov. 5, 1837
the accommodations, went to church at Westminster Abbey: “Heavens and earth!
(forgive the expression) who can describe it.” To St. James Park, Piccadilly and the
Tuesday, Nov. 6, got up late this morning; wrote home.
Wednesday, Nov. 7,
Father came home from a long walk through Cornhill, Templebar and the
morning--Yesterday. Mr. Leslie called
for Father, took him to Martin Archer Shee [1780-1860], the painter, and from thence
to see Challon [Alfred Edward Chalon, the painter, 1780-1860]. We went to
November 9, 1837
From: Thos. Sully
To: Mrs. Thos. Sully
Signed: Yours as ever. T Sully, 9 November
From: Thos. Sully To: Sarah
their present lodging at
Signed: Yours ever, Thos. Sully
Blanch's first letter
Describes life on board ship and their fellow passengers.
Thursday, Oct, 26, 1837
Still on board ship; nasty weather.
Monday morning 30—“Too sick on Friday to do anything but talk and laugh. Saturday squally but fair wind - the ship going like a race horse ... Dream of home every night, live on brandy peaches - prevents my being sick.”
Tuesday Oct. 31 – “The mate says to morrow we shall see land!!! huzza.”
Wednesday, Nov. 1, “Yesterday was really and truly sick. This morning saw Land !!! yes land.”
Next day, Nov. 2, A pilot came aboard ship, got into the Channel in the afternoon, passed the Needles, the Isle of Wight, the Castle in which Charles II was imprisoned, and Norris” Castle - belonging to Lord Henry Seymore - now the residence of the Duchess of Kent and Princess Victoria.
Signed: I am still your Yankee Blanch.
Blanch's third Letter: Nov. 10, 1837
To: Dear All.
the Queen's procession. Next morning visited the
Sunday, Nov. 12, 1837.
Went to and described
Monday evening, Nov. 13, 1837.
Dined with Mr. Stewart. The following
morning received a note of introduction from Sir. D. Wilkie to Sir Peter Laury.
Described Guildhall. Met Wm. Oldmixon and went to the
Wednesday, Nov. 15, 1837. Yesterday went to see Sir William Beechey who “received us kindly - took us into his painting room what detestable daubs his pictures are to be sure.” Found Mr. Leslie, Mr. Doughty, and Mr. Healy waiting at home; went to see Mr. Turner. “What an Artist! What a nasty looking fellow he is, looks as though he had not an idea - beside that so careless and dirty in his life dress that I would not pick him out of the gutter - yet he can paint so magnificently.” Went to the theater later on. Visit by Thos. Sully to Mr. Jaudon. The boys here are constantly whistling “The light of other days” and “Jim Crow.” How the folks stare at my cape - I bet they take me for a squaw.
Signed: Blanch - the Yankee as I'm called.
From: Thos. Sully
find that much good management is to be used in regard to getting the Queen to
sit to a foreign artist - however, my documents are in our ambassador’s hands,
and he has entered warmly into the business; in a month or two I shall know the
result. In the meantime I have a prospect of doing well. Four portraits are
engaged - I want but two more - and if urged to paint others they shall pay
well for it. To morrow we remove to a better apartments and a more fashionable
Signed: Thos. Sully.
Father's third letter to Mother.
Thursday next 23 of November we are to remove to
Signed: God bless you all--Yours ever T. Sully.
Blanch's fourth letter.
To: Her mother.
Bates says we are too far west; the Nobility would not be driven there for
anything, so this morning we found delightful lodgings in
Yesterday Father has secured lodgings in
Yesterday Mrs. Bates and our American Minister and his wife called on us. Thos.
Sully attended another lecture at the
Signed: I am your affectionate Blanch.
Nov. 21, 1837.
Howland St. Fitzroy Sq.
To: Her mother
the captain of their ship
Thursday, Nov. 23, 1837.
Friday, Nov, 24, 1837. Suffers from a cold, canceling all activities. The man in whose house we live has a beautiful gallery of pictures: a Corregio which father says is the best he ever saw, some Claudels, two Gainsboroughs and lots of others equally good.
Saturday, Nov. 25, 1837.
Another visit to the theater. “We sallied
out to the Paint man in
Monday, Nov. 27, 1837.
Visit by Mr. and Mrs. Price; she will sit for a portrait. Many social
engagements and walking tours of
Wednesday, Nov. 29, 1837. First sitting by Mrs. Bates.
Saturday, Dec, 2, 1837.
Last Thursday for the first time we remained indoors all morning. Father painted and I played on the dearest
little piano you ever saw. Mr. Leslie called to take us to see Rodgers [Samuel
Rogers?] the poet. A lively description of this visit, the house, and its
furnishings including many portraits and the gentleman himself, Asks for the
Signed: Love to all--everybody--Yours Blanch.
Letter from Father
Writes about family matters and talks again about the style of portrait paintings, coloring, and various tints of flesh “by the best of painters here.”
- a foggy day. Last Saturday another sitting from Miss Bates. On Sunday visited
a Unitarian church in
Wednesday - Arose early because of Mr. Todhunter's sitting right after breakfast [John Todhunter, bust painting begun December 5, 1837 and finished December 26, 1837].
- Yesterday not quite “zackly” well so remained at home all day. On Tuesday
evening dined at Mr. Vaughan's where we met a lady and gentleman just returning
Saturday - Yesterday more social activities, dinner at Count Survellier's, another visit to the theater by Blanch.
morning - Went to the Unitarian church in
Signed: Love to all--Blanch
to think dear folks at home! that this is Christmas Eve, father and I dining
together; Miss Bates took her last sitting yesterday. “Went for a walk, saw some turkeys exposed
for sale at a fowl-mongers dressed to death in ribbons for Christmas. Must say that the preparations here are not
equal to ours - save the turkeys.” Describes activities during Christmas Eve in
Called on Mr. Cousins [Samuel Cousins, 1801-1887], the engraver, but he was not at home. Played some old English games, among them Snap Dragon which is always played on Christmas eve.
Tuesday, December 26:
Yesterday got up quite early it being Christmas day; describes a visit to the
Sunday--Last Wednesday walked all the way up to the "Kings Cross", went for dinner at the Audubon's.
Samuel Jaudon took his first sitting [bust begun December 28, 1837 and finished
January 2, 1838]. “Good News!!! The
Queen consents to sit most willingly, think of that! the news came through Lord
Melbourne - she is now at
“Sunday Morning and the last day of the year--time flies--so much the better- - we’ll be the sooner home.”
January 1, 1838--A glorious day; went for a long stroll. More visitors and diner invitations.
Thursday--called on Mr. Healy, saw a portrait of Lady Essex, and a scene from St. Patrick's Eve. Just as we were leaving, a Mr. Jordan - editor of some magazine here - walked in. Got home and dressed to go to Sir David Wilkie's [1785-1841] where we were introduced to Allan Cunningham, the author and intimate friend of Sir Walter Scott.
To: Dear All.
Continuous social engagements; saw Mr. Doughty and some of his paintings-- father thinks he has improved.
and the following days. Cold weather; visit Mr. Leslie. It is so cold “that the water in my pitcher
had a cake of ice floating on top. Went to see Sir David Wilkie, he received us
most cordially, initiated father in all the formalities observed at court, saw
some of his pictures, only to think he has a black waiter, whom be introduces
in many of his pictures. I suspect he
Thursday night--our piano is getting tuned. Last night a dreadful fire burned the Exchange down to the ground. At Mr. Lewis’s dined in great style and met the American Consul's family (Aspinwalls); like them much. Mr. Lewis showed us an original letter from General Washington to Mr. Stewart - what a treasure - how I would like to have stolen it. At twelve we took our leave. Today three degrees colder. Mrs. Price sat in the most splendid black satin brocade I ever saw, covered all over with gorgeous flowers.
Friday, Jan. 11, 1838
and the following days. Visited the Jenkins: music and dancing. Describes household chores, people skating,
and Marquis of Hertford’s beautiful villa, built in the Italian style. Passed the house of Sir Walter Scott which he
occupies while in
Today, Sunday--snowing like fury. Father is getting his pictures ready to send to the Academy tomorrow; in a few days ‘twill open to the public.
Monday--Yesterday Mrs. Audubon called for me to take her to Waterloo House, a famous shop. I never saw such a place more like a bazaar than a shop.
bitter cold day. The
Jaudon sat this morning; brought a great pile of
Signed: With love to all, I remain yours, Blanch.
Sunday Morning just 10 minutes after 10:00.
To: Her mother.
Dined with Mrs. Price and the Audubons; talks about other social activities. Father is making such a beautiful picture of Mrs. Price who is delighted with it.
Monday--A beautiful mild day, like April. Father went out to buy some blacking at Day and Martin's palace.
Tuesday--dark and damp. We can have all
sorts of weather here. Father says do
send him a little day light for he can scarce see to paint. Just heard that the two daughters of our landlord
are ill with the measles - thank fate I have had it. Mr. Thacher from
Thursday--This morning Mrs. P. took her last sitting.
night Mr. Thacher brought us some
Dad went to the Pall Mall exhibition to see the artists varnish and retouch their pictures, as this is the day they are privileged to go inspect and alter their works before the public exhibition which soon takes place. He told me of the exhibition which he thinks decidedly fine. About the odd situations of the artists: some dangled between the floor and ceiling varnishing, others were flat on the floor retouching - all in fact with palette in hand.
Saturday, Feb. 10, 1838: More visitors, invitations, and dinner parties. “Went with father to Bridgewater House to get Lord Egerton's letter, [Francis Egerton Ellesmere, 1800-1857]. He lives in a splendid mansion to be sure; from thence to the Marquis of Landsdown’s - gave the letter then decamped.”
morning--Last night Father came home from a dinner party at Mr. Murray's (Lord
Byron's friend) where he met the great Captain Back, Moore the poet, his son,
Landseer, and a Mr. Smith, an author. The conversation was so delightful that Dad
has committed to paper many of
No. 46 Gt. Marlborough St. Soho.
From: Thos. Sully
To: Jane and Hal
being the varnishing day at the British Institution, I received a circular from
the Keeper, and accordingly went down early not to varnish my pictures, that
being already done, but to look around me. I met Wilkie; Turner was seated on a
plank suspended aloft, by a large step ladder, and was retouching a sea piece
with I think water colours. (I don't mean a pun here). I admire Turner’s
pictures, but I must say that the present picture is not a fortunate
application of his new gorgeous style. I saw Landseer balancing himself,
standing on a tall slender counting-house stool. Doughty has a clever picture
here, so has Healy and Osgood - but Landseer has some animals, that are all but
living - there is more talent displayed in this exhibition that I expected to
meet. I returned our
dined at A. Ralston’s. Among the dinner
guests were Strickland, Bates, Jaudon, King & nephew, Hutchinson (late of
Feb. 14--l have kept this letter open hoping to tell you at the close that I had begun the Queen’s portrait but the day is not yet fixed. I am told it will be arranged this month.
Feb. 17--Yesterday I
went with the Audubons to see Hayter’s full length of the Queen painted for the
City. It is too large, too old, in my
judgement rather vulgar. I do not fear
entering into competition with it. Lord
and Lady Lansdowne sent me an invitation to dinner for the 24th; of course I
accept for I am desirous of seeing something of Nobility in
Signed: God bless you all is the prayer of Yours Thos Sully.
From: Thos. Sully.
about dinner at the
the 12th--Went to see the Marquis of Lansdowne. Quite impressed by the manners
and style in which the gentleman lived. He
has but a few pictures and they are of the best kind. His most valuable works are in marble. Leslie told me that the John Smith I dined
Volume 2: continuation of 10th letter from Thomas Sully
Friday 16th--Occupied in painting on “Charity”; talks about their visitors, change of maid, and other daily activities.
Saturday 17th--Blanch sat for me for the drapery of my picture - how I miss my lay figure! Went with the Audubons to look at Hayter’s whole length of the Queen which is painted for the city; there are some passable parts in it, but I do not like it altogether. It is too large and seems a woman of twenty- three or more with some what of a care-worn expression. I prefer Chalon’s, especially the head. He said: “I shall find the Queen an excellent sitter and affable in her manners.”
18th--Visit by Doughty who considers embarking for home but suffers from a lack
of funds, very little hope of replenishing them here in
Signed: God bless you all. Yours truly Thos. Sully.
Monday Morning Feb. 12th 1838
46 Gt. Marlbro’,
To: My dear Folks.
Talks about various visitors and a stroll in London (Hyde Park, Green Park, the entrance of Tattersalls, passed the Queen’s Garden and Buckingham Palace, St. James Park, walked up the terraces of Carlton House and reached Waterloo Place and the statue of Lord Nelson). Lord Francis Egerton came by, remarkably handsome; owns a great collection: the Stafford Gallery. Water still frozen in the pipes.
Wednesday--Yesterday father went with Mr. Humphreys to a lecture given in the Adelphi; tickets given by Petty Vaughan. More invitations, visitors stopping by and the arrival of a new maid.
Friday--Yesterday invitation by Mrs. Audubon to a turkey dinner.
once more sitting for more than two hours for drapery. The following day more
invitations and social chit-chat. Visit by Capt. Levy with some advice on how
to live economically in
Sunday 25th--Invitation by Mr. Todhunter and Miss Webber.
Tuesday night 27th--Father is in rapture with his visit to Lansdowne House; all particulars are in his letter.
March 1st--Visit by father to Lord Egerton’s gallery where he was met by Lord
Egerton and led through the house. Blanche
prepares herself to go to
Signed: Yours ever Blanch.
From: Thos. Sully.
to paint on “Charity”; planning to go to
23--Weather still miserable - how I miss the bright clear days in my painting
room! I observe that the English
painters excel in painting smoke and fog. Visit by Captain Levy who insists on my being
presented at Court. He will have me
paint Louis Philippe when I go to
25th--Still raining. Mr. Dixwell called on us. Strickland and daughter, who
were his fellow lodgers, have set off for
26th--It rains hard but I contrive to get through with my “Charity” and the
picture is finished. I called on Stevenson about the Royal portrait and he
recommended to get Lord Lansdowne to take the matter in hand. Describes dinner at the Lansdowne House, the
guests, including the painter
Thursday March 1st - I called on Stevenson who has written a letter to the Lord Chamberlain to ask if he would consult the Queen on her inclination to sit for me as was stated in Lord Melbourne’s letter and to mention the time agreed upon. Had I been able to have guessed that it would have caused me so much delay & bother I would not have hampered myself with the commission. The money to be paid for it will be but a scant allowance for the trouble.
Friday 2d--Rained all night and is still at it. I went with my letter to the Lord Chamberlain, bought some lead pencils, some sealing wax, and the steel pen with which I am writing.
March 3d--This completes the fourth month since our landing in England and six
more are to pass before we can expect to land in America. Visited Mr.
Cartwright's rooms to see all his fine pictures; an exquisite piece by Landseer
is the best in the whole series. Invited
to Lord and Lady Egerton’s. I strolled through the rooms and soon discovered
that I was rubbing elbows against the Nobles of the land! Princes of the blood, Dukes, Duchesses in
scores and Lords in numbers; Lord E. would join me and point out remarkable
personages: that is the Duke of Wellington, the Duchess of
Signed: God bless you all. I shall commence another long letter to morrow. T. Sully.
March 4th 1838.
to a needlework exhibit by Miss Linwood [Mary Linwood, 1755-1845] in
went shopping with Miss Webber; Tuesday a noble day worthy of
Thursday--Yesterday left with Mrs. Hillard for the Institution. The portraits are most wretched; father’s shine and the “Beatrice” is universally admired; some tolerable landscapes and some animals painted by Landseer so natural looking that they almost make you scream with delight.
Friday 8th--Yesterday, more visitors and dinner invitations; one from Lord and Lady Dacre to dine with them next week.
Saturday 9th--Yesterday went to Bath House, the residence of Lord Ashburton; describes his collection and the interior of the house. Continued to the great print-setter shop of Boys, Hodgsons and Greaves.
Sunday went for a walk and saw the rail road, precisely like ours, and the Zoological Gardens.
Tuesday 13th--Father is painting. I went with Mrs. Audubon to Waterloo House and the Pantheon.
Signed: Love to every body - Yours truly Blanch.
March 4th 1838
Weather still unpleasant, not very much to do, visit by Todbunter and the two Audubons.
Monday 5th--The Marquis of Conyngham has received his request relative to the Queen's portrait and would attend to it, so I suppose that business is now in progress.
6th--This morning we have blue sky and the brightest sunshine I have seen in
life. Reynolds made them exact and I find it better in every respect. Two excellent landscapes by Vernet. Dinner at Pickersgill’s; it turned out that he and I were fellow students under Henri Fuseli [1741-1825].
7th--Until I came to
Thursday 8th--Visits and receives visitors.
9th--Invitation from Lord and Lady Dacre for dinner next Saturday. I accept of course for I am curious to see
more of high life. Went to see Mr.
Finden but he still hadn't procured the Reynolds which he had promised. Visited Lord Ashburton's collection and house.
Called on the publishers Hodson and Greaves and selected 16 shillings worth of
Sir Joshua's works. After dinner we were
put down at the “Wheat and Sheaf” by an omnibus. I was at once sent into the painting room
where the artists were assembled; each person had before him a drawing board
with clean paper stretched upon it, charcoal, pencils, watercolors in saucers,
and all materials for work. This was the
evening for the Sketching Club. The
subject given to design from was the affecting story of Inkle and Yarico as
given in the Spectator. I started to
work with some trepidation. I might have
done better, but for the ill- timed civility of Mr. Bone who wanted to talk to
the stranger from
10th--Returned to the
Tuesday 13th--Yesterday I colored a copy from Sir Joshua Reynolds from a very excellent copy made by Healy when Rodgers lent the picture to the British Institution. This will enable me to advance the work so that when I visit Rodgers for the purpose, I can soon get through the copying, and it keeps me employed. Dinner at Lord Egerton’s; describes guests, including Mr. Landseer accompanied by a Mr. Babbage, a well know scientist.
Wednesday 14th--Finished a water color sketch from Mr. Philips fancy picture.
Thursday 15th--Talked about the London Club House, its fees and purpose; considers it well for a bachelor, but entices married men from their domestic circles.
16th--Blanch went out to buy a new dress and when we get to
Signed: Farewell to you all for a time - Yours ever T. Sully.
To: Good folks at home.
about daily activities, visits and visitors, and sight seeing trips in
Thursday--We went yesterday to Sir Francis Legatt Chantry’s [1781-1841]. Describes his gallery and work room with large marble statues. Passed Buckingham Palace with the gates open and saw the Queen and her entourage leaving in their carriages, the Queen’s was so begilded and becarved, so covered with gold and the coachman and footmen likewise that it was really one glitter. The window happily down, I had such a view of the little creature that I even saw her teeth. She is fat, white and innocent looking, a mixture of Rose and Louisa Campbell, the complexion and chin of the latter with nose and eyes like Rose - we think her pretty - a coronet of diamonds, stomacher and necklace of the same, was all we would see of her dress. Went home and dressed for a dinner party. When we got home we found two letters for father, one from Lord Egerton stating the Queen appoints tomorrow (that’s to day) to sit, the other from Mr. Stevenson to the same effect. This morning Jane told me that the servant was in such a haste to deliver it that he begged her to tell him where we were that he might immediately see father. She could not tell him, but gave him all our notes and cards of invitation. He took a cab and drove from place to place, to no purpose of course, so he returned and left the note with Jane (Father had just gone to Lord E’s to be taken to the Palace); of course I am breathless until he returns. I almost forgot to say that just as we were leaving Chantry’s, we caught a glimpse of him talking to Allan Cunningham. Chantry is fat and jolly looking and I think a little on the butcher order.
Signed: Love to every body - Blanch.
March 19th - Saturday
To: Dear Household and all its connections.
Description of visit to the Coliseum. Another visit to the Sketching Club where a full meeting was going on in the same order that was observed the last time. The Club seems to be harmoniously composed; one assurance of this is that they have been associated since 1808.
Sunday 18th--Dined with Lord and Lady Dacre: nothing can exceed the perfection of manners of the English Nobility.
Tuesday 20--March weather; rained and stormed all night. Received a letter of introduction from Leslie to Sir Francis Chantry. More invitations and visits followed. At home found on my table a note from Lord Egerton and this morning, Thursday 22, one from Stevenson with an appointment with the Queen. At the hour fixed I attended at the palace and have taken my first sitting. On my return home I dictated to Blanch all that I remembered in order that you might be as much present with me as possible and know something of a person independent of her elevated situation who deserves to command the hearts of all her subjects. I will confess to a little nervousness while waiting for her, but her affable manners, which evidently arises from great humanity & benevolence, soon put me at ease.
Friday 23--Bought a portable paint box, easel, canvas, &c. Dined at Finders - Stanfield my favorite was there. The Queen was the subject of conversation and I was much congratulated on having commenced my work. They said they would have grieved on account of their American brethren if I had gone home without it. Worked at home, modelling my first sitting of the Queen on canvas.
Signed: Yours ever. Thos. Sully.
dead-coloured the Queen.” Strolled
Wednesday 28th--Dinner at Mr. Uwins(?) where met some delightful people.
Saturday--Had the honor of meeting the Mr. Lockhart; it was some time before I could realize it, for I had pictured Mr. L. rather an old man; very entertaining and of course highly intellectual.
Saturday 31st--Yesterday, according to appointment, father went to the Palace; but no Queen. The page told dad that she had not returned from riding and that he would let him know when she could sit. So, father took his leave, not over pleased. On his way home he encountered Paul Pry. Oh! my dear Mr. Sully are you not pleased to see your name flourishing in all the papers in town? Why sir, even in the Times, sir, which I can tell you, sir, is not a favor granted to all. Father was highly amused, but judge Paul’s surprise when father told him he had not seen a paper.
Monday April 2d--This morning directly after breakfast father received a message from the Palace so he is off to wait on Royalty. Today being rather cold, I suppose her Majesty prefers sitting to riding.
Thursday 5th--Father had his third sitting with the Queen. Received an invitation for a rehearsal of a new opera at the Grand Opera House. When the music commenced I was transfixed with wonder and delight. Visited Mr. Pickersgill, the painter; disappointed, cannot paint ladies.
8th--Spent an evening at the Stevensons where introduced to a Mr. Livingston
from the North River,
Signed: I must say good bye with Love to all - Blancb.
To: Dear Friends.
just returned from a visit to Capt. Hebord on board the
26th--Went to Finders who shewed me the Times
of today in which is published the fact of Her Majesty having sat for an
American artist for her portrait. Mr. T [Todhunter]
said that such a paragraph was to be considered a mark of respect and told me
to procure a paper and send it home. Went to Mr. Uwins [Thomas Uwins, painter,
1782-1857] at Paddington Green. He took us to his painting room. His ability
far exceeded my expectation: fine composition, good drawing, and sweet rich
colouring - very much like Wilkie. He
has resided some time in
Wednesday 28th--I am obliged to return to the use of a goose-quill pen so you ,will for the future find my writing of larger characters. The steel pen is an offence to me! This afternoon I am to take another sitting from Her Majesty. Last night I received the following note: “Her Majesty will give Mr. Sully a sitting at half past four to morrow (Wednesday). The room will be ready for Mr. Sully as early as he pleases to make the necessary preparations L. Lezhen, Buckingham palace Tuesday.” This was brought by a page, not the light figure and fantastically dressed person of our novels and plays, but a plain dressed middle aged man - the only uniform I saw at the palace amongst the household and porters.
Thursday 29th--At three yesterday I took a coach which also carried my easel, canvas, and paint box and was conveyed to Buckingham House. Dismissed the hack and was shown into the painting room. While I was arranging my palette the Baroness Lehzen entered in her riding habit, well besplashed, to inform me that the Queen felt too much fatigued with her ride to sit for her picture and requested it might be deferred until Friday at 3. So, I left my things and made my bow. I should have mentioned in its order that as I was threading the long passages of the Palace in charge of the attendants to my allotted room the word was quickly given: “The Queen, the Queen!” and a quick movement to their places immediately followed. It put me in mind of what I had so often seen represented in a humble way on the stage. On leaving my room I saw by some open door the principal drawing rooms. My curiosity prompted me to enter. I was somewhat surprised at the splendor of the palace and its vastness and the long room filled with exquisite pictures, including Rembrandt’s “Burgomaster” & “Mistress at her Toilet,” Reynolds’ Dido, and 2 Iphegenia were amongst them. The principal room seemed to me at least 300 ft. long by 80(?) and 30 ft. high. It was arched at the top and the light was admitted through circular windows in the bend of the arch. In the center of this room were two opposite and open doors that led to front and back rooms, commanding a view of the garden and grounds and, in the front, the Park. I shall try to stray into those rooms again and gain a more accurate knowledge of their treasures. I walked out of the Palace with some difficulty, not having an attendant. The place is very intricate and the doors in some of the rooms I had to return by made a part of the wall and surbase, so that you must search for a thumb spring to open the door.
Friday 30th--Impatient to return home, talked with Koecker about how miserable he would feel if he had to stay another year.
Saturday 31st-- Took a cab to the Palace and once again was told that her Majesty would not sit that day. The Baroness would have sent me word but was not apprised of the Queen's pleasure in time; she would let me know when she would receive me. Alas! for the precious time one loses in dancing attendance on Royalty. Saw a lost dog on his way out in the corridors, one of the pages pitied him and continued onward. I have seen enough to convince me that the English are a humane people, some instances to the contrary notwithstanding. Conversation with Rodgers.
April 1st--April has set in cold and stormy; in fact, we have had flakes of
snow falling thro’ the day. Met sculptor
Henry Weekes [1807-1877] who made a capital bust of the Queen. I have bespoken
a plaster cast to be sent to
Monday 2--Have just returned from the palace and write to you all about it, but recollect for you only as I would not on any account have others read what they would deem silly stuff!! At nine, I received a note from the Baroness Lehzen to say that Her Majesty has commanded her to acquaint me that she would give me a sitting at eleven o'clock. I answered by the Page in a note that I would be there at ten to prepare myself. Changed my dress and reached the palace at ten, via cab. I found my way without help to my quarters in the Palace and set my palette and all in apple pie order long before the Queen entered with the Baroness and a pet dog - a republican dog - so independent in his taste that he turned a deaf ear to the Sovereign of England when she called the audacious animal to her - in the most endearing terms - and when the whim took him, he would mount the throne and lay his head in her lap to be fondled!! Two ladies entered by request and that the conversation between them and the Queen might not divert her from the proper position, they were seated according to my wish close to my right. Am I seated properly, said the Queen? Yes, I replied but I am not so I removed my easel. The tiara that her Majesty had put on was of the most suitable shape and proportion and she seemed pleased with my approval and its reason. Pray Mr. Sully what have you on that other canvas (the blank canvas I had brought to cover my sketch). The Baroness enquired how it had happened that Saturday had not been used. Did I not say that we should expect you then? I reminded her that I was to wait until I heard from her the pleasure of the Queen. Oh! I am quite in fault, but the Queen waited for you ever so long. Her Majesty laughed playfully and good naturedly at the blunder. Thought one good turn about is fair play; I too have been disappointed. In her conversation with the ladies I had a rare opportunity of seeing the Queen throw off all constraint and talk and laugh like a happy girl of eighteen. Long! long may she have that light and happy heart. In speaking of some lady’s personal beauty she used an odd application of term, “very clever eyes ....” The Baroness asked my opinion of Hayter’s portrait of the Queen and I was obliged to confess my disapproval, tho’ I knew it would be unacceptable, but I must speak my opinion even tho’ it may displease Royalty. I cannot give you more than three quarters of an hour this morning Mr. Sully, but on Wednesday I will give you a good long sitting. The Queen left her chair to look at what I had done. I begged their candid remarks and I must be allowed to say that they warmly approved my beginning, particularly the mouth which is a nice point to achieve in her portrait. The ladies remained to look at the picture and at my earnest request said that the face was rather full and the shape under the lip rather strong.
Tuesday 3d--Received a letter from Lord Francis Egerton to say that the Travellers Club House was open to me and to explain his action on the subject of the Queen's picture. I find as I expected that it has been principally through his help that the business has been brought to a conclusion. Got a note from the Baroness saying the Queen would sit at eleven tomorrow. Entering the Palace I met the Baroness and told her I came early to be ready. In fixing the throne, I placed the curtain on the best position for length and shade. Near twelve, Her Majesty ascended the steps, placed her feet in the foot-muff and observed that I had changed the position. She is a good sitter. If one might judge by her manner, I should conclude that in governing, she will have much her own way. Sir D. Wilkie came with a picture of her Majesty's first council, but he had to wait until my sitting was over. She looked at the picture and seemed satisfied. The Baroness afterwards brought me the Regal crown to paint from and it kept me busy.
7th--Rained all night. Ten o'clock went
to the Palace and got everything in order by eleven, besides glazing and
preparing the portrait. The Queen
entered at twelve; a little more and she would have caught me asleep, for I had
shut my eyes so long a time to test them that I became quite drowsy. She led the way, the Baroness following. Her dress was of blue velvet with flowers
spotted over it; her hair was neatly braided. She spoke to the Baroness about the coronation
crown, not wanting it to be made “too high and bulky,” for nothing is so absurd
as to see a small person with a large head ornament. I opened the door leading to her apartments;
she curtsied and disappeared. So, I put
away my colors for a fortnight or more, thanked fortune I was not ordered to
Signed: Yours TS
Good Friday, April 13, 1838.
visits and visitors. Drove to
of volume 2.
Name index to volume 1 of Sully letters (acc. 84x130.1, in folder 6)
A., Mrs. (sister of Mr. Oldmixon) 60
Allinson, Mr. and Miss 121
Anne (Queen) 35
Aspinwall (American consul) 109
Atherston, Mr. 82
Atherstons, Misses 121
Audubon, J. 124
Audubon, J.J. 20, 31, 132
(referred to as Mr. A)
Audubon, Lucy 62, 124, 125
(referred to as A., Mrs.)
Audubon, Mr. & Family 22, 62, 76, 112, 116, 119
Audubon, Mrs. 15, 20, 54, 71, 90, 97, 113, 114, 116, 117, 124, 130-132, 145
Audubon, Old Mr. 116, 117
Audubon, Victor 20, 129
Audubons 137, 139
Back, Captain 133, 141
Barnet, J. 144
Bates, Miss 25, 49, 65, 71, 75, 80, 90
Bates, Mr. 42, 52, 56, 69
Bates, Mrs. 50, 56, 65, 69, 71, 80, 90, 92, 99, 102
Bedford, Duchess of 87
Beechey, Sir Wm. 41
Berg, Mae 61
Blessington, Countess 92
Blessington, Lady 62
Braham, [Mr.] 42
Branwell, George 67
Bret, Mr. 90, 104, 108, 113, 115, 131, 133
Bristow(e) 76, 80, 83, 105
Brough, Mrs. 34
[see also under Kemble]
Byron, Lord 71, 132, 135
C-wl-d, Judge 51
Camberwell 67, 94, 126
Campbell, Mrs. 43
Campbell, T. 138
Carey, E. 134
Carey, Henry 21, 48
Carey, Mr. 35
Carey, Ned 105
Challon, (Mr.) 45, 47
Channing, [Ellery] Dr. 34, 63, 146
Chip 123, 136, 145, 146
Coffin, Mr. 113
Cooper, Sir Astley 77
Corbit, Mr. 44, 51, 104
Coxe, Dr. 141
Cunningham, Allen 103
Cousins, Mr. 91
Darley 4, 26, 51, 61, 104
Darley, Ellen 123, 131
Darley, Mrs. 75
Day & Martin 37, 121
D'Orsay, Countess 92
Doughty, Mr. 22, 34, 41, 68, 99, 101, 105, 115, 120, 131, 135
(referred to as Mr. D.)
Dunlop, Mr. & Mrs. 122, 136
Dunlop, Mrs. 43, 92, 118, 119, 137
Egerton, Lord 132, 143
Ellen and Julia 75
Essex, Lady 103
Forrest [actor] 127, 138
Forrest, Mrs. 73, 92
Frazer, Mr. 101
Furness, Mr. 69
Gamble, Miss 122, 137
Garrick Club 80, 130, 137
Gay, Mr. 107
George IV (King) 140, 141
Gerald, Mr. 78
Golding, Mr. 120
Goldsmith, Miss 28
Gordon, Mrs. 115-117, 124
Gower, Misses 58
Graham, Mr. 98
Grenville, Lord 10
Haydon (artist) 16
Hayter (artist) 139
Healy, Mr. 22, 34, 41, 51, 54, 57, 68, 101, 103, 135
Hebard, Capt. 133
Henry & Lindsay 108
Hill, Mr. 136, 143
Hillard, Mr. & Mrs. 143
Hillard, Mrs. 78, 87, 105, 131
Holmes 81, 102
Horn, Mr. 42
Howell 114, 132
Howqua (tea) 69
Hughes, Mrs. 76
Hughs, Mr. 117
Inman, Mr. 100
Jane 123, 129
Jane (Neagle?) 51, 72
Jaudon, Mr. 43, 98, 117
Jaudon, Mrs. 50, 54, 68, 104
Jenkins, Miss 41
Jenkins, Mr. & Mrs. 43, 52, 97, 110
Jenkins, Mrs. 139
Jenkinson, Miss 33
Jones, Mr. 127, 128
Jordan, Mr. 103
Kean (actor) 115
Keeley family 14, 15, 18, 42, 120
Keeley, Mr. 57
K[eeleyl, Mr. & Mrs. 79, 119
Keeley, Mrs. 43, 52, 53, 57, 58, 60, 65, 68, 78, 80, 82, 90, 91, 97, 100, 105, 108, 116, 119, 121, 129
Kemble, A. (Miss) 84
Kemble, Charles 76, 81
Kemble, Fanny 146
[see also under
Kemble, Miss 108
Kemble, Mr. 84, 116
Kemble, Mrs. 119
Kembles 80, 82, 84, 99
Kent, Duchess of 31
King (Mr.) 132, 137
Knowles 59, 63, 65
Koecker, Dr. 81, 85
Kruex, Mrs. 50
Landseer, E. 141
Landseer, Mr. 38, 86, 133, 135
Langley, Mr. & Mrs. 50
Langley, Mrs. 78, 82, 85, 123
Lansdowne, Lord 132, 144
Lansdowne, Lord and Lady 139
Lansdowne, Marquis of 132, 143
Laury, Sir Peter 39
Leley (?), Sir Peter 141
Leonardo devinci [i.e. da Vinci] 40
Leslie 139, 142, 143
Leslie, Ann (Miss) 41, 53, 65, 119
Leslie, Mr. 11, 12, 19, 37, 38, 48, 49, 66, 70, 77, 90, 106, 119
Leslie, Mr. & Mrs. 65, 103
Leslie, Mrs. 65, 103, 110, 114, 118
Mr. 104, 108, 109,
Lewis, Mrs. 119
Lough, Mr. & Mrs. 77, 92, 119
Lucas, Eliza 61
M., Mr. 67
M., Mrs. 69
Macready, Mr. 69
Malibran 84, 85
Manning, Mr. 127
Martineau, Miss 17, 36, 63, 68, 99, 122
Mary (Queen) 56
Matthews, Farren C. 79
Matthews, Mr. 58
Melbourne, Lord 98, 146
Miller, Mr. 35
Milton, [John] 71
Mitchell, Ann 94
Mitchell, C. 144
Mitchell, Mr. 42, 60, 62, 67, 126
Mitchell, W. 94
Moore (and son) 133
Moore, T. 141
Morgan, Lady 99
Mother and Jane 118
Mulgrave, Countess of 86
Murray, Mr. 35, 52
Murray, Mr. (publisher) 100, 132, 135
Murray, Mrs. 140
Neagle (letter to) 44-48
Neagle, Mr. 58
Neagles 5, 26, 51, 58, 61, 104, 118, 123
Nesbitt, Mrs. 63
Nixon, Mrs. 41, 53, 56, 68, 82
Ogden, Mrs. 80
Oldmixon, W. 26, 60
Oldmixon, William 40, 59
Osgood, Mr. 130, 135
Osgood, Mr. & Mrs. 15, 42
Osgood, Mrs. 23, 36, 68
Patterson, Miss 116, 119
Physic, Dr. 117
Pickersgill, Mr. (& Family) 115
Pickersgill, Mrs. 115
Pogue, Mr. 117
Powel, Mr. 140
Power family 34
Power, Mr. 38, 41, 56-58, 101, 103, 120
Price, Mr. 112, 127, 128
Price, Mr. & Mrs. 66, 76, 119, 120, 126, 131
Price, Mrs. 66, 80, 97, 109, 114, 116, 118-120, 123
Pry, Paul 77, 143
Raick, Mrs. 62
Ralston, Mr. 132, 137
Ralston, Mr. & Mrs. 130
Rand, Mr. and Mrs. 42, 77, 119
Reynolds 51, 74
Reynolds, Sir Joshua 19, 37
Riviere, Mr. 139
Rodgers (poet) 70, 71
Rodgers, Mr. 77
Rose, Miss 118
Rose, Nell, Sally 129
Rubridge, Lieut. 99
Sally, Tom ... and all 52
Saul, Mr. 68
Saunderson, Mr. 53
Scott, Walter [Sir] 71, 103, 112, 140, 141
Sepio, Mr. and son 85
Seymour, Lord Henry 30
Shakespeare 79, 107
Shee, Martin Archer (Sir) 19, 22, 40, 45, 64
Sheriff, Miss 107
Siddons, Mrs. 71
Sill, Mr. 49, 77
Smith, John 144
Smith, Horace 144
Smith, Mr. 133, 140, 141
Smith, Mr.  100
Smith, Mr.  111
Somerville, Lord 133
Sophy (maid) 82, 84
Stanfield 107, 108
Stevenson, Mr. 42, 48, 58, 98
Stevenson, Mrs. 50, 66, 92, 131
Stewart, Mr. 38, 54, 55, 80, 86, 101
Stoddart, Miss 114
Stricland, Mr. 118, 132, 137
Stricland, Mr. and Miss 121
Strickland, Miss 131
Stuart, Mr. & Miss 36
Sully, Alfred (son) 136, 138, 146
Sully, Blanch 137, 140, 144, 145
Sully, Sarah [wife] 48
Survelliers, Le Count de 69, 78
Sutherland, Duke of 133
Susan (maid) 65
Sutherland, Duchess of 86
Swain & Edgar 114
Taggert, Mrs. 80
Thatcher, Mr. 122, 124
Tilt, Mr. 35
Todhunter, Ben 55
Todhunter, Mr. 38, 53-55, 76, 77, 80, 82, 85, 94, 98, 100, 105, 106, 108, 118
Todhunter, Mrs. 50, 78, 83, 98, 110, 116, 119
Tom 120, 138
Toplady, Mr. 61
Turner 47-48, 134
Turner, Mr. 41
Twiss, Mrs. Horace 77, 141
V., Madame 78, 79
V., Miss 66
Vaughan, J. 66
Vaughan, Mr. 66, 126
[referred to as Mr. V.]
Vaughan, Mr. 55, 65, 76, 77, 101
[Vaughan], Sally 126
Vaughan, Wm & Peter 50
Victoria (Princess) 31
Victoria (Queen) 33, 44, 46, 49, 59, 60, 69, 80, 98, 136, 146
Walden, Mrs. 50
Wilkie 45, 46, 134
Wilkie, Miss 103
Wilkie, Mr. 37
Wilkie, Sir David 37, 39, 103, 106
William IV (King) 36
Wright, Mr. 98
Name index to volume 2 of Sully letters (acc. 84x130.2, in folder 7)
Albright, Mr. 15
Alertston, Mary Ann (Miss) 2
Allenson, Mr. And Miss 20
A[Ilinson], Miss 84
Allinson, Mr. 67, 81, 84
A[llinson], Mrs. 84
Allinsons 76, 109
Ashburton, Lord 43, 44, 51, 53, 55
Atherston, Mr. 13, 49, 61
Audubon, [J.J.] 50, 62, 82
Audubon, John 82
Audubon, Mr. 12, 13, 42, 81
Audubon, Mrs. 2, 11, 40, 47, 59, 63, 66, 82, 93, 94
Audubon, Victor 2
Audubons 1-3, 10, 18, 31, 32, 40, 48, 51, 52, 66, 85, 88, 94, 109
Babbage, Mr. 60
Baring, Sir T. 50
Barnet, Mr. 10, 16, 24, 33, 63,
Bates 11, 116, 123
Bates, Mrs. 2, 11, 14, 18, 20, 100, 111, 123
Berg, Mrs. 15
Black, Dr. 70
Blood, Mr. 4, 14
Blood, Mrs. 101, 121
Bone, Mr. 56
Boyes, Hodgsons and Greaves 44
Bradley, Miss 119
Brett 16, 27, 29, 30, 51, 63, 64, 67, 97, 111, 118
[also spelled Bret]
Bretts 26, 100
Brougham, Lord 34
Brown(e)s 85, 115
Buckley, Mrs. 49
C., Mr. 45
Campbell, Rose and Louisa 76
Carey 110, 121
Carey, Mr. 123
Carter, Mrs. 120
Cartwright, Mr. 33, 37
Chalon 3, 15, 56, 79, 105, 120
Chalon, A. 79
Chalon, Jr. 56, 79
Chalon, Miss 123
Chalon, Mr. 123
Chantry, Francis (Sir) 82, 83, 111
Chantry's 74, 77
Charles I 124
Chip 10, 25
Coates, Mr. 1, 11, 64, 67, 77
Coates, Mr. & Mrs. 49, 76, 84
Coffin, Mr. 58
Conygham, Marquis of 49
Cooke, G. F. 112
Costa, Signor 98
Cunningham, Allen 77, 84
Dacre, Lady 54, 60, 65, 71, 80
Dacre, Lord 53, 73, 80
Dacre, Lord and Lady 43, 54, 81
Dance, Miss 14
Dance, Mr. and Miss 4
Darley girls 10
Darley, Mrs. 18
Decharm, Mrs. 6
De La Roche 29
Dixwell, Mr. 16, 93
D’Orsay, Count 15
Doughty 4, 10, 33, 82, 109
Doughty, Mr. 13, 38, 74, 91, 94
Dunlop, Mr. & Mrs. 32, 54
Dunlop, Mrs. 6, 41, 123
E., Dr. 110
Egerton 29, 35, 39
Egerton, Lady 34, 38, 43, 60
Egerton, Lady F. 27, 49
Egerton, Lord 18, 29, 34, 35, 39, 47, 49, 54, 59, 61, 77
Egerton, Lord Francis 8, 28, 84, 116
Egerton, Sir Francis 8
Ellis (maid) 71
Findens, Mr. 41, 49, 52, 55, 81, 85, 88, 104
Fitzhugh, Miss 123
Fitzhugh, Mr. & Mrs. 102
Fitzhugh, Mrs. & Miss 122
Forrest, Mrs. 121
Gamble, Miss 32
Gay, Dr. 20
Gay, Mr. 71
George (Prince) 88
Goldsborough, Mrs. 84
Gordon, Lord George 61
Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. 2
Gordon, Mrs. 47
Graham, Mr. 98
H., Miss 123
H., Mrs. 122, 123
Hamilton, Duke of 100, 118
Havil, Mr. 105
Healy 59, 82, 116
Healy, Mr. 21, 27, 74
Hebard, Capt. 33, 45, 48, 58, 67, 70, 71, 79, 90,103
Heber, Bishop 111
Henry 10, 36
Herring, Mr. 93, 105
Herring, Dr. 105
Hillard 1, 31
Hillard, Mr. & Mrs. 7, 32, 58
Hillard, Mrs. 8, 10, 41, 49
Hobson & Greaves 55
Hoppy, Miss 102
Humphreys 59, 61
Humphreys, Mr. 9
Humphreys, Mrs. 102
Hurlstowe, Mr. 31
Irvin, W. 108
Jamieson, Mrs. 102, 122
Jane (maid) 11, 36, 77
Jaudon and lady 82
Jaudon, Mr. 83
Jaudon, Mrs. 38, 42, 47, 54, 59, 73, 74, 81, 83, 100, 102, 122, 123
Jenkins 11, 12, 42
Jenkins, Miss 64
Jenkins, Mr. 11
Jenkins, Mrs. 2. 3
Jones (artist) 112
Jones, Miss 93, 105
Keeley, Mrs. 54
Kemble, Charles 5
Kemble Family 5
Kemble, Fanny 5
Kent, Duchess of 76
King, Mr. 95, 110
Koecker, Dr. 48
Koecker, Joseph 15
Koeckers 15, 19
Landseer 29, 60
Landseer 3, 33, 41
Langley, Mrs. 40, 41, 49, 62, 65, 69, 78, 98
Lansdowne, Lady 24
Lansdowne, Lord 20, 23, 25, 26
Lansdowne, Lord & Lady 11, 16
Lansdowne House 7, 17, 30
LaPorte, Mr. 99
Lehzen, Baroness 106, 109, 113, 116, 117, 119, 120
Lehzen, L. 105
Leslie 56, 79, 82
Leslie, Ann 57
Leslie, Mr. 7, 69, 74
Leslie, Mr. and Mrs. 38
Leslie, Mrs. 6, 14, 20, 45, 123
Leslies 5, 6, 14, 15, 19, 40, 45, 50, 55
Lewis & Allenby’s 40
Lewis, J. D. 31
Levy, Capt. 16, 21
Liddell, Hon. Mr. 94, 109
Linwood, Miss 33, 36
Liston, Miss 119
Little, Mr. 1, 58
Livingston, Mr. 101
Lockhart, Capt. 108
Lockhart, Mr. 93, 106-108, 124
Lord Chamberlain 31, 32, 63, 64
Lord Mayor of London 99
Lough 20, 110
Lough, Mrs. 95
Louis Philippe 21
Macready, Mr. 45
Martineau, Miss 2, 45, 55
Mary Rosalie, Miss 92
Mason, Mr. (M.P.) 105
Matthews, C. 93
McCauley, Dr. 76, 84
McMurtrie, Mr. 15, 17, 25, 26
Miller 19, 65
Morris, Mr. 67, 77, 84
Morton, Mr. 83
Monroe, James [President] 111
Murillo 44, 55
Murray, John 106
Murray, Mr. 42, 93, 107
Murphy, Mr. 2
Nixon, Mrs. 53, 79
Nolte, Mr. 96, 109, 111
O. & H., Mrs. 92
Osgood, Mr. 1
Osgood, Mrs. 8, 40, 46, 49, 58, 116
Osgoods 10, 11
P., Mr. 13, 51
Palmerston, Lord 2
Peabody & Coates 58
Peel, Robert (Sir) 34
Philips, Dr. 32
Philips, Mr. 50, 61
Pickersgill 31, 63, 100
Pickersgill, Miss 100
Pickersgill family 51
Pickersgill, Mr. 52, 100
Pickersgills 40, 51, 97, 118
Pickersgill’s son 118
Pitt, [William] 75
Price 4, 61, 85, 104, 115
Price, Mr. 65
Price, Mrs. 13, 27, 54, 61, 100, 101, 121
Price, Stephen 61
Prices 11, 42, 101, 120
Pry, Paul 95
Puff, Mr. 82
Rainy's 39, 49
Rand, Mrs. 109
Ravensworth, Lord 94, 109
Rawle, Mrs. 72, 73, 81
Rawle, Mrs. & Miss 39, 49
Reynolds 50, 52, 55, 81, 104, 107, 109, 113, 115, 122
Reynolds, Joshua (Sir) 49
Roberts, Mr. 121
Robinson, Miss 64
Rodgers 24, 25, 59, 109, 110, 122
Rodgers, Mr. 93, 108
Rodgers, Mrs. 34
Rogers, Mr. 96, 115
Rogers, Sammy 95
Rogers, Samuel 112
Rowbotham, Mrs. 91
Rubens 29, 44, 55
Rubini 98, 99
Rudol, Mr. 105
Rudolpho, Count 66
Savory , Mr. 31, 33
Scott, Walter (Sir) 17
Sinclair, Mr. 101
Sinclair, Mr. & Mrs. 101, 120
Sophy (maid) 9
Stanfield, Mr. 56, 57, 69, 79, 82 85, 88
Stevenson and lady 82
Stevenson, Mr. 23, 30, 31, 49, 64 67, 77, 83-85
Stevenson, Mrs. 83, 120
Strickland and daughter 23
Sully, Mr. 106
Sully, Alfred 10
Sully, Blanch 1-6, 22, 23, 31-33, 35, 49-54, 59, 61, 63, 71, 79, 81, 84, 85, 88, 103, 105, 121
Sully, Jane (sister) 10, 26, 58
Sully, Margaret (“Moggy”) 10
[Sully?], Sally 15, 16, 24, 103
[Sully?], Sarah 1
Sully, Thomas “Father” 10, 14, 48, 88, 93
Sutherland, Duke of 75
Sylvester, Mr. 59
Tagno, Dr. 98
Thatcher, Mr. 115
Titian 29, 52, 55, 60
Todhunter & sister 58, 62
Todhunter, Mr. 59
Todhunter, Mr. 7, 16, 23, 24, 42, 46, 48, 53, 99, 104, 112
Todhunter, Mrs. 1, 3, 40, 42, 47, 53, 71, 73, 89, 90, 91, 93, 96, 97, 100, 111, 116, 120
Todhunters 17, 31, 65, 70, 79, 81, 82, 89, 113
Tunno, Miss 119
Turner 29, 109, 112
Uwins, Mr. 56, 72, 79, 81, 82, 104, 105
V., Mr. 123
Vandykes 44, 55
Vaughan, Mr. 18, 25, 40
Vaughan, P. 80
Vaux, Mr. 101
Victoria (Queen) 2, 5, 18, 26, 35, 44, 49, 64, 65, 72, 76, 84, 85, 88, 93, 94, 97, 101, 105, 109, 111, 113, 115, 117
Webber, Miss 16, 20, 23, 39, 40, 46, 49, 50, 73, 89, 91, 93, 123, 124
Webber, Mrs. 1
Wiggin, Miss 83
Wiggins, B. 31
Wiggins, Mrs. 55, 58, 74, 82
Wilkie 26, 105
Wilkie, Miss 121
Wilkie, David (Sir) 17, 27, 117, 121
Williams, Misses 58
Willing, Tom 18
Wriggen, T., and daughter 82
Wright, Mr. 17, 41, 49, 50, 52, 55, 85